Chapter 6:Democratic Rights
Rights in the Indian Constitution
The Indian Constitution has given us six Fundamental Rights. They are the basic features of India's Constitution. Fundamental Rights are: Right to Equality - Rightto Freedom Right against Exploitation Right to Freedom of Religion Cultural and Educational Rights -Rightto Constitutional Remedies
Right to Equality: It grants equality to all its citizens in the eyes of law Rule of law is the foundation of any democracy No discrimination can be made against any citizen on grounds of birth, caste, religion and gender. Untouchability is made a cognisable offence. Equal opportu nity is guaranteed to all the citizens. Equality means giving everyone an equal opportunity to achieve whatever one is capable of.
Right to Freedom
Indian Constitution gives the right to Freedom of speech and expression - Right to Freedom to assemble in a peaceful manner Right to Freedom to form associations and unions Right to Freedom to move freely throughout the country Right to Freedom to reside in any part of the country Right to Freedom to practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business Citizens have the freedom to hold meetings, processions, rallies and demonstrations on any issue.
Rules to be followed by the government or police officer when arrest or detain any citizen A person who is arrested and detained in custody will have to be informed of the reasons for such arrest and detention. A person who is arrested and detained shall be produced before the nearest magistrate within a period of 24 hours of arrest. Such a person has the right to consult a lawyer or engage a lawyer for his defense. Such a person not be tortured or beaten. Such a person to be allowed to meet his family members and relatives
Right against Exploitation: The constitution prohibits (i) "traffic in human beings", (ii) Prohibits forced labour or begar and (iii) prohibits child labour.
Right to Freedom of Religion: There is no state religion in India. All religions are given equal respect. Every person has a right to profess, practice and propagate his own religion. Freedom to practice religion does not mean doing anything in the name of religion.
Cultural and Educational Rights:
Right to Constitutional Remedies: This is the right that makes all rights effective. away, he/she can seek remedy through courts. Dr. Ambedkar called this right as the 'heart and soul If a citizen's fundamental rights are violated or taken of our constitution
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