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Calculation of Present Value (in Hindi)
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Heena Malhotra
Believe in Conceptual Learning.

ques:- if the price elasticity of demand for wine is estimated to be -6, then a 20% increase in price of wine will lead to __________ in quantity demanded of wine at that price a) 12% increase b)12% decrease c)19.6% increase d)20.6% decrease
Khushboo TIWARI
9 months ago
mam plzz hlp me to solve this question
Sakshi Verma
9 months ago
Is it - 6 or is it +6. First tell me that
Khushboo TIWARI
9 months ago
mam its - 6
Sakshi Verma
9 months ago
Dekho if it's - 6 that means negative relation that is if price is increasing demand should be decreasing tbhi vo - sign aayega to c) option to galat hogya kyunki hme decrease option dekhna h
Sakshi Verma
9 months ago
It should be - 6 x 20% = 120% decrease
Sakshi Verma
9 months ago
Jbki ye option mn given nhi h to i think it should be b) option
Sakshi Verma
9 months ago
Dekho elasticity is - 6 that means elasticity of demand is less than 1 ie. Inelastic demand means if 20% rise hua to demand 20% se kam fall hogi agr is hisab se dekhe to 12% decrease vala option hoga to bhi b) option correct
Khushboo TIWARI
9 months ago
mera answer bhi 120% aa rha tha to mujhe options glt lge
Khushboo TIWARI
9 months ago
mera answer bhi 120% aa rha tha to mujhe options glt lge
Sakshi Verma
9 months ago
It's possible ki options hi galat ho so dnt wrry answer 120% hi hona chahye
Khushboo TIWARI
9 months ago
thank u mam
Sakshi Verma
9 months ago
Wlcm g
mam exam m kese aayege ye time value vale questions. .practical questions to bilkul ni aayege... nta vale theory hi poochege time value of money ki
1. Capital Budgeting Decisions By Heena Malhotra

2. Payback Period Traditional or Non Discounting ccounting Rat of Return (ARR) Capital Budgeting Techniques Net Present Value (NPV) Profitability Index (PI) Time adjusted or Discounted Cash Flows Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Modified Internal Rate of Return (MIRR) Discounted Payback By Heena Malhotra

3. Where, FV Future value n years hence iRate of interest per annum n Number of years for which discounting is done. As mentioned earlier, computation of P may be simple if we make use of either the calculator or the Present Value table showing values of (1+ for various time periods/per annum interest rates. For positive i, the factor (1i) is always less than 1, indicating thereby, future amount has smaller present value. By Heena Malhotra

4. Present value interest factor of 1 per period at i% for n periods, PVIF(i,n). 0.980 0.97 0.962 0.952 0.943 0.935 0.926 0.917 0.909 0.961 0.943 0.925 0.907 0.890 0.873 0.857 0.842 0.826 0.942 0.915 0.889 0.924 0.888 0.855 0.9060.8630.822 0.784 07470.7130.681 0.650 0.621 0.888 0.837 0.790 0.7 0.990 2 0.980 3 0.971 4 0.961 5 0.951 6 0.942 7 0.933 0.871 0.813 0.760 0.711 0.665 .623 0.583 0.547 0.513 8 0.923 9 0.864 0.823 0.840 0.816 0.794 0.772 0.751 0.792 0.763 0.735 0.708 0.683 46 0.705 0.666 0.630 0.596 0.564 0.853 0.789 0.731770.627 0.582 0540 0.502 0.467 0.837 0.766 0.703 0.914 0.592 0.5440.500 0.460 0.424 0.558 0.508 0.463 0422 820 0.744 0.676 0.614 0.804 0.722 0.650 0.5 0.788 0.701 0.625 0.5570.497 0.4440.397 0.356 0.319 0.773 0.681 0.601 0.758 0.661 0.577 0.50 0.743 0642 0.555 0481 0417 0.362 0.315 0.275 0.239 0.728 0.623 0.534 0.714 0.605 0.513 0.700 0.587 0.494 0.416 0.350 0.296 0.250 0.212 0.180 0.896 120.887 13 0.879 14 0.870 85 0.527 0.475 0.429 0.388 0.350 0.530 0.469 0.415 0.368 0.326 0.290 0.442 0.388 0.340 0.299 0.263 16 0.853 17 0.844 18 0.836 0.458 0.436 0.394 0.339 0.292 0.252 0.218 0.371 0.317 0.270 0.231 0.198

5. -=0.909 (1+i) (1+10%) (1.1) (1+1)2_ (1+1096)2= (1.1)2=0.826 By Heena Malhotra

6. PVA n-1 n-1 1+i = R (PVI Fil + PVI Fi,2 + PVI Fi,3 + PWFm) R (PVIFi.n) By Heena Malhotra

7. Period | 11% 12% 13% 14% 15%| 16% 17% 18% 19% 20% 10.901 0.893 0.885 0.877 0870 0862 0.855 0.847 0.840 0.833 20812 0.797 0.783 0.769 0.7560.743 0.731 0.718 0.706 0.694 3 0.731 0712 0693 0.675 0.658 0.641 0.624 0.609 0.593 0.579 0693 0675 658 064 0593 0579 40.659 0.636 0613 0.592 05720.552 0.534 0516 0499 0482 5 0.593 0.567 0543 0519 0497 0476 0456 0437 0419 0402 By Heena Malhotra