Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Model answers for UPSC CSE Mains GS paper 4 - 2017: 4-5
uestion 4(a): One of the tests of integrity is complete refusal to be compromised, Explain with reference to real life example Answer: Integrity means being consistent in actions, values, methods and principles. It is a strict adherence to a moral code even when we face a challenging situation that requires us to take a stand. The conduct must be free from hypocrisy and deception. The actions must conform with stated values Person's inner sense of wholeness derived from honesty and consistent unrighteousness in the character is integrity. It is soundness of moral principles as well as internal system of principles that guide our behaviour, determine the degree of integrity of individual I short it can be summarised as "What I Profess, I practice." 1. 2.
One of test of integrity as a complete refusal to be compromised is because people with integrity are guided by set of core principles which empowers them to behave consistently to high standard. If the individual is compromised on his/her integrity then he/she fails in the test of bed rock of core principles and values Some real life examples include: 1. In everyday life, there comes a situation when the shopkeeper gives us extra money by mistake. We are tempted to keep it with us. Whether we keep it or return it to the rightful owner is the test of our integrity. Not reporting a crime- Lack of intellectual integrity in daily life out of some fear Article 14- Test of integrity of a civil servant- Upholding Equality before law and equal protection of law in civil services 2. 3.
4. Lal Bahadur Shastri was once granted permission to spend 15 days with his sick daughter. But sadly she died the day he reached home. He performed the last rites and returned to prison even though he could have stayed for duration of parole. This shows he did not compromise with his integrity even in a difficult situation As an administrator, we face the challenge of dealing with unreasonable requests of powerful and influential people. During such situations, we must have the courage to stand by our values even at personal cost. IAS officer Ashok Khemka is a glaring example of this. We must not put ourselves in a position of obligation by accepting excessive favours. We must completely refuse to compromise on public service values. Only an administrator having integrity can establish faith of people in the government.
uestion 4(b): Corporate social responsibility makes companies more rofitable and sustainable. Analyze. Answer: Corporate social responsibility is where a company takes responsibility for its environmental and social impact. It works as a self regulatory mechanism Nowadays, companies are involved in a wide variety of community development relating to health, primary education, skills training and entrepreneurship livelihoods, women empowerment and strengthening services for the differently-abled. They implement CSR programmes in partnership with governments, NGOs and other relevant stakeholders. In india CSR are defined in Schedule VII of companies Act 2013 R makes companies profitable and sustainable in the following wa I. Employees get a chance to volunteer for social service. T'his enhances job satisfaction, wholesome development of employee which in turn improves productivity, reduces labour turnover. It improves organisational loyalty as emplovees take pride in working for such companies
2. It helps the company in carbon budgeting by adopting environmental friendly practices. This reduces the environmental taxes it has to pay and also attract investments in "Green Bonds" 3. It creates a positives business reputation compared to other peers in the market. It helps the company to earn publicity and goodwill. 4. It helps to maintain good relations with the government which helps to gain favours such as tax exemptions, edge over peers in bidding etc. 5. The company registers increased sales and customer loyalty Several companies such as Infosys, Tata and Wipro have undertaken CSR activities and seen their brand value growing. CSR has been made mandatory under Companies Act, 2013. However, companies must strive towards voluntary CSR activities rather than thinking of it as a mere compulsion and window-dressing.
Question 5(a): "Great ambition is the passion of a great character. Those endowed with it may perform very good or very bad acts. All depends on the principles which direct them" Napoleon Bonaparte. Stating examples mention the rulers (i) who have harmed society and country, (ii) who worked for the development of society and country. Answer: Men of great ambition are eager to bring changes in the society. However, it is important to ensure that means are as pure as end. Only then, ambitions yields sustainable and positive results. Rulers who have harmed the society: Hitler- had great ambition to avenge the humiliation faced by Germany at the hands of Allied powers. However this led to the 2nd world war and subsequent loss of life of millions of people. 1.
2. Saddam Hussein- had great ambition for power. In this process he turned a dictator, amassed all national wealth and deprived his citizens of fundamental rights. Rulers who have worked for the development of the societ Ashoka- adopted Buddhism, persuaded others to do same instead of imposing and coercing them to follow Buddhism 2. Akbar- wanted to usher religious tolerance, started Sul-i-khul, abolished jizya, recruited many Hindu ministers in his darbar. 3. Abraham Lincoln- fought passionately for securing the rights of the Blacks and abolition of slavery in America. He ensured it was done with minimum loss of lives and disintegration of his country 4. Nelson Mandela- followed Gandhi's teachings of nonviolence. Even though he was jailed for many years, he continued a peaceful struggle against apartheid.
Question 5(b): "If a country is to be corruption free and become a nation of beautiful minds. I strongly feel there are three key societal members wheo can make a difference. they are father. the mother and the teacher."-A. P. J. Abdul Kalam. Analyse. Answer:Parents are the first agency of socialization for a child. Children adopt parents are personal role models. Great achievers come from good families. School is the foremost place after home. It aids in intellectual growth of the child and supports his aspirations. Father- A child learns values such as courage, hard work, leadership, discipline and ather. The child tries to imitate tl father gives bribes or smokes, the child thinks it is fine to do the same. On the other hand, when a father displays traits such as honesty, the child picks up the very same value
Mother- a child learns about love, affection, empathy and sacrifice from his mother. She creates a cheerful, blissful and balanced atmosphere in the life of a child which helps in his social and moral development. She can also help develop values such as emotional intelligence, respect for women, tolerance, gender equality, which helps the child to deal with patriarchy and grow up as a sensitive human. Teacher- Mahatma Gandhi, Swami Vivekananda and Tagore spoke of impact of education on moral values and character of a child. The sanskrit verse Guru Brahma Guru Vishnu.." aptly sums up the importance of a teacher. Famous teachers like Chanakya, Bhishma, Parashuram have greatly contributed in shaping the skills of their pupils