Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Model answers for UPSC CSE Mains GS paper 4 - 2017: 1-3
uestion 1: Conflict of interest in the public sector arises when a) official duties b) public interest, and c) personal interest are taking priority one above the other. How can this conflict in administration be resolved? Describe with an example Answer: A conflict of interest involves choosing between competing loyalties which may corrupt our decision-making. Working in public sector means doing what's best for the people. This may sometimes come in the way of our own selfish interests 1. Receiving order of slum demolition Official duty following orders of superior Public interest- many slum dwellers will become homeless Personal interest- fear of transfer after pressure of local politicians
2. Conducting elections in a naxal prone area Official duty- conducting election irrespective of any citizen votes or not Public interest- encouraging citizens to come out and vote Personal interest- fear of attack on life In this case, adhering to values such as courage of conviction and democratic ideals is required. 3, Recruitment of candidates, when one of the candidates is a relative. Official duty- conducting recruitment Public interest- giving equal opportunity to all without bias and favouritism Personal interest- giving job to my relative In this case, the officer can remove himself from the recruitment panel.
General strategies to resolve conflict of interest- 1.Disclosure of interest in the situation can enhance credibility, integrity and transparency. In India, legislators are allowed to disclose interest and a Register of Interest is maintained. 2. Restricting the access of the person to relevant information that is sensitive or confidential 3. Appointing an independent third party or extra persons to the panel to oversee the integrity of the process 4. Removing yourself from the responsibilities or duties to which the conflict relates I values, public service values a Conduct Rules in the event of a dilemma.
Question 2: Examine the relevance of the following in the context of civil Service: (a) Transparency (b) Accountability (c) Fairness and justice (d) Courage of conviction (e) Spirit of service Answer: Transparency- Bureaucracy is riddled with the colonial mentality of secrecy and not involving citizens in the administration. Transparency in operations and decision- making helps establish faith of the citizens in the government. The citizens become aware of what, how and why decisions are made. This also helps to curb nepotism, corruption and bureaucratic red-tapism. Civil servants must strive for proactive disclosure of information to win trust of the citizens and erase suspicion.
2. Accountability- means answerability for one's own decisions and actions. Since administrators collect taxes and use public funds, they become accountable to the people for their activities. They are funds, but also for the perfo which is not accountable to its people is anti-democratic and turns into a dictatorship. Social audits and outcome budgets are a great way to bring in accountability in the system. accountable not only for the proper use of the rmance of the government programmes. A government 3.Fairness and justice- fairness and justice are constitutional obligation(Article 14) on a civil service, a just and fair administration in the public domain enhances the credibility of governance and rule of law in the masses at root level. India is home to millions of poor and disadvantaged sections such as SC/ST/disabled. In such cases, the administrator must be fair and ensure equal opportunities are given to all
4. Courage of conviction- Administrators face insurmountable pressure and opposition while serving the public. They must have the courage to not give into these pressures of giving undue favours to influential people. Eg. Durga Shakti Nagpal, Ashok Khemka had a courage to maintain their integrity. This conviction is also required when we face odds while implementing any social programme. For eg: IAS officer Armstrong Pame lacked funds to build roads in Manipur, but he successfully did so by involving citizens in that activity. 5. Spirit of service- Civil servants must shun high- handedness, arrogance and apathy towards citizens. They must remember that they are servants of the public and not their masters. Relationships form the DNA of governance. A spirit of service helps the civil servants to remain humble, friendly and approachable to the citizens. It helps them to use civil service to make a difference in society rather than a medium to fulfill materialistic ambitions. For eg DM of Madurai recently opened a page to use social media to resolve grievances of the public on a day to day basis. This shows his resolve to serve the public by keeping them at pedestal
Question 3: Young people with ethical conduct are not willing to come forward to join active politics. Suggest steps to motivate them to come forward. Answer: India is undergoing a demographic bulge at the moment. This is the right time to train our youth to lead our country High standards of ethical conduct were an integral part of the freedom struggle. Unfortunately ethical capital started getting eroded after transfer of power. Today young people are unwilling to join politics as they view politics as a dirty profession full of criminals and liars. Criminalisation of politics and politicisation of crime is the soft underbelly of our political system. Money-power, corruption, fear of political activities, dynasty are being portrayed as prerequisites to enter and survive in politics rather than ethical behaviour, honesty and sense of service.
teps to motivate them to come forward: Creating awareness about electoral reforms by Election commission and various Supreme Court judgements which has helped in cleaning politics to a large extent, VVPAT, electoral bonds, sec 123(3) judgement, NOTA, disqualification of persons convicted of criminal offence etc Youth Parliament and policy think tanks must be encouraged to kindle interest in politics and policy making. Internship opportunities in political parties and government departments. Invoke sense of patriotism- by using emotional intelligence to remind the yout of contribution of great young leaders such as Subhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Nehru. Encouraging internal party democracy- by ending dynasty politics, merit based ticket distribution and promotion Encouraging student unions and elections on campuses to give them a taste of politics, inculcate organisational skills. Media involvement, highlighting young representatives as hero & their work 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.