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14: GS Paper 4 (2017)
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Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Roman Saini
Part of a great founding team at Unacademy with Gaurav, Hemesh. Movies, Guitar, Books, Teaching.

U
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selection kitne log ka hota h sir
Yash kumar
10 months ago
please watch the total seats available for MNS this time, watch the video of mine MNS notification video
It will very helpful for the beginners . Beginners watch this video you might get an idea about what extend you need to study the theories and usage of quotes and structuring your answers.
thank you for such a beautiful course
thank you very much sir......very helpful course
thanks alot sir.i m grateful for ur analysis of gs paper4.please add on some more cases.
  1. Model answers for UPSC CSE Mains GS paper 4 - 2017: 14


  2. Question 14: You are a Public Information Officer (PIO) in a government department. You are aware that the RTI Act, 2005 envisages transparency and accountability in administration. The Act has functioned as a check on the supposedly arbitrarily administrative behaviour and actions. However, as a PIO you have observed that there are citizens who have filed RTI applications not for themselves but on behalf of such stakeholders who purportedly want to have access to information to further their own interests. At the same time there are those RTl activists who routinely file RTl applications and attempt to extort money from the decision makers. This tvpe of RTI activism has affected the functioning of the administrative adversely and also possibly jeopardises the genuineness of the applications which are essentially aimed at getting justice. What are the measures would you suggest to separate genuine and non-genuine applications? Give merits and demerits of your suggestions


  3. Answer: RTI Act, 2005 was a watershed legislation in India. 2nd ARC says "RTI is the bedrock oi democracy and can pave way ior transparency, openness and accountability in government and ensure participation of people in democratic society." As a party to UN, India had an international obligation to guarantee RTI. However as mentioned in the above case and also said by former CIC Shailesh Gandhi, nearly 5% of applications are used for blackmailing people and harass public officials to get undue favours Ethical issues involved: Public interest of justice v/s private interest Power without responsibility- Citizens are given power RTI but lack the awareness to use it responsibl Fear among honest bureaucrats that they may be harassed by fraudulent RTI activists. 1. 2. v. 3.


  4. Measures to separate genuine from non-genuine applications: 1. Increasing fee for application Merit- frivolous applications may reduce to some extent Demerit- Poor and needy applicants may find it difficult to afford, anti-democratic 2. Stating purpose for seeking information through RTI Merit- A clearly mentioned purpose can help in segregating. It will also deter frivolous applications Demerit- May harm well intentioned applications as they will come under pressure to disclose purpose. Person who verifies the purpose of application may display subjective bias.


  5. 3. Sending proposal to higher officials for amend RTI Act to ensure stringent punishment for misuse Merit- It will make available a legal recourse to punish frivolous and malafide applications. It will give teeth to PIO rather than be helpless spectator. Demerit- Changes in legislation is a lengthy and cumbersome process. May not be feasible as a 4. Marking those individuals sending repeated Application Merit- A rationale segregation of those who send repeated application to particular department could reveal a pattern of non-genuine applicants and facilitate better decision taking Demerit- possibility of genuine seekers getting marked


  6. 5.Voluntary disclosure of information by government agencies Merit- has been mentioned in 2nd ARC. It will reduce RTI applications as all information will be voluntarily disclosed. Demerit- national security concerns, colonial attitude of secrecy among bureaucrats makes voluntarv disclosure difficult. Demerit-national seurity enrncolnial atitude of secerey Solution- I would suggest to adopt option 4 and 5 as it will bring about attitude change in both citizens and administration. Success of RTI depends upon people's understanding of its real worth and also proactive disclosure by the administration.


  7. 6.Voluntary disclosure of information by government agencies Merit- has been mentioned in 2nd ARC. It will reduce RTI applications as all information will be voluntarily disclosed. Demerit- national security concerns, colonial attitude of secrecy among bureaucrats makes voluntarv disclosure difficult. Demerit-national seurity enrncolnial atitude of secerey Solution- I would suggest to adopt option 4 and 5 as it will bring about attitude change in both citizens and administration. Success of RTI depends upon people's understanding of its real worth and also proactive disclosure by the administration.