Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Model answers for UPSC CSE Mains GS paper 4 - 2017: 12-13
Question 12: You are the manager of a spare parts company A and you have to negotiate a deal with the manager of a large manufacturing company B The deal is highly competitive and sealing the deal is critical for your company. The deal is being worked out over a dinner. After dinner the manager of manufacturing company B offered to drop you to the hotel in his car. On the way to hotel he happens to hit motorcycle injuring the motorcyclist badly. You know the manager was driving fast and thus lost control. The law enforcement officer comes to investigate the issue and you are the sole eyewitness to it. Knowing the strict laws pertaining to road accidents you are aware that your honest account of the incident would lead to the prosecution of the manager and as a consequence the deal is likely to be jeopardised, which is of immense importance to your company. What are the dilemmas you face? What will be your response to the situation?
Stakeholders in this case are 1. Accident victim 2. Me, as representative of Company A 3. Manager of company B 4. Law enforcement agencies Some ethical dilemmas that arise are: 1.Professional responsibility v/s social responsibility 2. Career growth v/s integrity and internal satisfaction 3. Profitability of my company v/s justice to the accident victim. 4. Organisation loyalty v/s Standing by truth 5. Bowing down to pressure v/s displaying courage of conviction
Options available to me are: 1. Speak in support of manager of Companv B by not disclosing his mistake Merit-Will help me to gain trust and favour of manager of Company B and he may grant my company the contract. This will improve my credibility in the organisation and i may be promoted Demerit- Acting against my conscience and abdicating my legal responsibility as a citizen to provide justice to an accident victim. If the officer investigates any CCTV in nearby locations and it is disclosed that I lied, I may have to face a jail term Also suppressing conscience and inner voice for this time will result into lesser guilt feeling in next such similar event, polluting overall value system 2. Cooperate with law enforcement officer and disclose the truth.
Merit - Gandhiji said there is no God higher than truth. I must act ethically and in a honest manner. Nishkama Karma, act of doing duty without expecting rewards for self. It should be performed in a natural way like the flower which gives fragrance without asking for rewards and selfish motives. Demerit- losing contract and acting against interest of the company which may cost me my job or promotion. It is also against the values of professionalism as the company may also have to incur losses because of my decision. I will choose to go with option 2 by following the golden rule of ethics, "we must do to others what we would want others to do to us". Tomorrow my family could be victim of rash driving. So it is in my own interest to cooperate with the authority. Gandhiji had said "even if you are in minority of one, the truth is truth." I may face criticism from the company superi decision. I must also gracefully accept any negative externalities, as also I failed to stop the manager from crossing the speed liit. ors but I can persuade them to agree to my
Question 13: A building permitted for three floors, while being extended illegally to 6 floors by a builder,collapses. As a consequence, a number of innocent labourers including women and children died. These labourers are migrants of different places. The government immediately announced cash relief to the aggrieved families and arrested the builder. Give reasons for such incidents to taking place across the country. Suggest measures to prevent their occurrence. Answer: Stakeholders involved: 1. Builders 2. Labourers 3. Government officials
Ethical issues involved: 1. 2. Public interest v/s Private interest Inefficiency of government to protect interest and secure safety of workers at the workplace. Compensatory attitude of the government. Reasons why such incidents take place across the country: Administrative- Lack of spirit of public service. Officials have not checked breach of building bye-laws. They are hand in glove with these builders by taking bribes and allowing illegal construction. Municipal bodies lack funds and functionaries to take stringent action against such illegal constructions taking place in the city. Lack of accountability as multiple agencies are involved 1.
2. Ethical: lack of professional ethics, engineers have abdicated their responsibility, choosing to make quick money at the cost of human lives. Builders are exploiting the labourers by not treating them with dignity. Monetary concerns subduing conscience and morality, focussing on end rather than means. 3. Legal: slow judicial process encourages illegal constructions. Lack of respect for laws by flagrant violation of it. Building laws are violated often. 4. Economical: Rapid urbanisation, Crony capitalism, unholy nexus between builders, politicians and bureaucrats. Collusive corruption. 5. Social- Lack of media focus on these issues. Poor citizen activism, they don't report against illegal construction. The labourers work without any social security and are being exploited by the builders. Labourers are unaware of their constitutional rights.
Measures to prevent their occurrence 1. Encouraging civil society participation- to use RTI and social media to report 2. Strict regulation of real estate sector- States must implement the Real Estate illegal construction, cases of corruption Regulation Bill framed by the central government. The bill calls for creation of a regulatory authority, greater scope for citizen involvement and higher accountability of the builders, Rule of law. Proper accountability- having a single nodal agency instead of multiple agencies brings transparency and enables to fix responsibility at government level Conducting mandatory Audits by the administrative officials to check implementation of bve-laws, Using ICT, satellite imagery to check construction activities in the city. Enabling mobility of social security like health insurance, PDS to labourers irrespective of location of work. Educating them about their rights 3. 4. 5. 6.