Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Daily The Hindu News Analysis TH By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy unacadem For Editorial Analysis & English video, Visit my Unacademy Profile- https://unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Page Il: Big gains, but joint statement gets a delicate balancing On some aspects of the bilateral relationship, this year's joint statement fell short of last year's, when Mr.Modi met Mr. Obama. Here's a comparison: Focus on trade: The Indo-U.S. Strategic Partnership is on course, but with the emphasis Indo-U.S. Strategic Partnership is on course, but with th shifting to trade and economic ties.This is reflected in the titles of the two statements "Enduring Global Partners in the 21st Century" in 2016, and the more modest Prosperity Through Partnership" this year. g Global Partners in the 2lst Century" in 2016, and the more modest While the 2016 statement focussed on "Bolstering Economic and Trade ties", this year's statement is more direct on how that will be done, with references to "balancing the trade deficit" (which, as it is in India's favour, is a sore point for the Trump administration) The joint statement of 2017 continues previous references to "a growing strategic convergence" bolstered by military, maritime and intelligence cooperation. The language of the joint statement this year is much tougher on terrorism, sp Pakistan-based terror groups.
e A few hours before the Trump-Modi meeting, the U.S. State Department moved to make Hizb-ul-Mujahideen leader Syed Salahuddin a specially designated global terrorist, a move welcomed by India. On Pakistan: The language on Pakistan is clear, and a departure from last year's."The leaders called on Pakistan to ensure that its territory is not used to launch terrorist at- tacks on other countries. They further called on Pakistan to bring to justice the perpetrators of the 26/11 Mumbai, Pathankot, and other cross-border terrorist attacks perpetrated by Pakistan-based groups," the statement said, the most dir- ect message in an India-U.S. joint statement thus far. On China: India indicated it had brought the US. round to its position on the Chinese "Belt and Road initiative" with a reference to "respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity" on regional connectivity projects, which has been India's major concern.
However, the statement appears to have softened some of the language on China's actions in the South China Sea. For example, instead of saying the two countries would "ensure" freedom of navigation, overflight and commerce through the Indo-Pacific region (that refers to the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean), the language in 2017 only"reiterates the importance of respecting freedom of navigation," etc. In place of the 2016 language calling for India and the U.S. to secure the domains" of land, maritime, air, space, and cyber, in 2017, it speaks of being "responsible stewards" and" democratic stalwarts in the Indo-Pacific Region gion eak forerat North Korea new entrant North Korea is a new entrant into the joint statement, in keeping with Mr.Trump's sharp focus on curbing Kim Jong-Un's nuclear and ballistic belligerence, with the leaders calling his "destabilizing pursuit of nuclear and ballistic missile programs, a grave threat to regional security and global peace". Traditionally, India has maintained trade and low- profile relations with North Korea. Mr.Trump welcomed "further Indian contributions to promote Afghanistan's democracy, stability, prosperity, and security.
Page 1+ 12: No interim orders on Aadhaar:SC The Supreme Court refe a rder apint te Centres The Supreme Court refused to pass an interim order against the Centre's notification making Aadhaar mandatory for availing benefits of social welfare schemes, with the government assuring it that no one would be deprived of welfare for want of this identification
Page? WHO for use of dovices to test multiple diseases Page 9: WHO for use of devices to test multiple diseases A single device can diagnose Tuberculosis, HIV and Hepatitis. The World Health Organization (WHO) released new advice to countries, recommending the use of multi-disease testing devices for Tuberculosis, HIV and Hepatitis. A single device called the GeneXpert can be used to diagnose TB and HIV infections, and quantitatively measure HIV and hepatitis C viral loads. India recently procured 600 GeneXpert machines for the National Tuberculosis programme. The WHO is recommending use of these state-of-the- art portable machines the size of a microwave oven, which can run molecular tests. However, most countries do not use them for multi-disease testing.
Page 9: Uttarakhand challenges human status to rivers The Uttarakhand government has moved the Supreme Court challenging an Uttarakhand High Court order granting the rivers Ganga,Yamuna and their tributaries the status of living human entities. order granting the rivers Ganga, Yamuna and their tributaries the status of living human entities 'Questions of law, e Seeking a stay on the March 20 order of the High Court through a Special Leave Petition filed recently the State govt has urged the apex court to consider "substantial questions of law" arising from the verdict. Challenging the three-month-old verdict which bestows on these rivers, their tributaries and water bodies fed by them the same legal rights as enjoyed by a person and declares the State chief secretary as their local guardian (loco parentis), the State government contends that the order was legally untenable. Human casualties The petition questions whether in case of human casualties in a flood, the affected people can file suit for damages against the chief secretary of the State and whether the State gov- ernment would be liable to bear such financial burden.
. Article l33: Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in regard to civil matters (1) An appeal shall lie to the Supreme Court from any judgment, decree or final order in a civil proceeding of a High Court in the territory of India if the High Court certifies under Article 134A (a) that the case involves a substantial question of law of general importance; and (b) that in the opinion of the High Court the said question needs to be decided by the Supreme Court For Daily News & Editorial Analysis, you can follow me on Unacademy https://unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Page ll: PM Modi's Netherlands stopover. ge I1: PM Modi's Netherlan India and the Netherlands strongly condemned the use of'doubl India and the Netherlands strongly condemned the use of double standards' in addressing the menace of terrorism, saying there can be no justification for acts of terror on any grounds. Radicalisation: Expressing concern about the serious threat posed by the spread of terrorism and violent extremism to both the countries and the world, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Dutch counterpart Mark Rutte reaffirmed their commitment to combat terrorism and prevent radicalisation that could lead to violent extremism. e In a joint communique after their bilateral meeting, they also reiterated the need for a unified and collective effort by the international community to eliminate terrorism through a holistic approach Zero tolerance: The two prime ministers agreed that there should be zero tolerance to terrorism In this regard, they called for early conclusion of negotiations on the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism, the statement said.
Netherlands backs UNSC, NSG bids The Netherlands backed India's early entry into the NSG and other multilateral export control regimes and supported the country's bid for a permanent UN Security Council seat. The two Prime Ministers agreed that the bilateral relations between India and the EU merit increased focus and attention. Prime Minister Modi thanked the Netherlands for its role in India's accession to the Missile Technology Control Regime in June 2016. Both leaders agreed that the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), Wassenaar Arrangement and Australia Group would benefit from India's membership. The Netherlands expressed its support for India's early membership to the 48-member NSG and the Wassenaar Arrangement. For the Australia Group, the Netherlands welcomed India's recent application for membership. Solar alliance: Mr. Modi invited the Netherlands to join the International Solar Alliance. Trade: With 20 per cent of India's exports to Europe entering through the Netherlands,they discussed the role of the Netherlands as India's 'Gateway to Europe'
Page 13 Business: GST may make several household items cheaper. The equivalence principle followed in setting the rates in GST was based on what the rate on a good or service was prior to June 30 combining the centre's excise duty and the states'VAT Household items like soap, which were earlier taxed at 3 1% combining central and state taxes,will now be in the 18% . 'Equivalence principle' vs. Revenue Neutrality Principle The socio-economic the country is changing, and also goods such as these are used by the common man, and so it was decided to tax them at this rate.However, keeping revenue neutrality in mind, the Government cannot lower tax revenue by too much so that it doesn't itself have enough income to meet its needed expenditure . Facts: [l Companies with a turnover of less than earning less than 75 lakh would fall under the composition scheme that allows them to file quarterly returns at lower tax rates as opposed to the monthly filing requirement of GST. 20 lakh need pay no tax under GST, while those