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14th June 2017 Part-2: Daily News Analysis
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International Labour Organisation Convention ratified

## Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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Kp
Sir, I have a doubt that work is also done to overcome the spring force....why it is not consider on calculating the work done by gas?
Deepak Naresh
2 years ago
Yes work is also done to overcome the spring force..and it is being considered in calculating the work done by gas....see carefully in the formula of work done that we have used in this numerical i.e 1/2(P1+P2)*(V2-V1).....now see how we calculated P2 i.,e pressure of gas at state2...P2 comprises spring force also. See the free body diagram of piston at state 2....hope your doubt is clear
geosynchronous orbit is one whose rotational period is almost same(23 hours 56 mins & 4 seconds) as the Earth's rotational period but it"s direction of rotation is not necessarily the same as the direction in which Earth rotates whereas a geostationary orbit (or geosynchronous equatorial orbit) has not only the same rotational period but also the same direction of rotation as Earth. It moves in a circular orbit 35786 kms above the Earth's equator. Thus, seems to be in the same position i.e. stationary from the Earth......and thank you sir for your efforts.....:)
sorry if m wrong but i guess geo stationary satellite moves along with the earths rotation in the orbit which is the reason that at any time of the day we will find the satellite at the same place as it is moving with the earth while geosynchronous does not move in the space but instead stay where it was, thus when earth complete its one rotation and comes back on its starting point the sateliite can be seen at that point. correct me if m wrong but that's what i understood from net
Brilliant work well done sir would you like to solve my a little doubt if you don't mind is it require to read The Hindu after watching summary prepared by unacademy or it is sufficient to make note according to the the Hindu summary videos prepared by unacademy community. Response is requested.
DH
Great explanation sir thanq for ur detailed analysis and interpretation on minute topics also.waiting for more.
sir u missed the microcephaly-zika link news item, i think that is important. Correct me if i am wrong
1. DAILY THE HINDUNEWS ANALYSIS JUNE 14, 2017 By Jatin Verma, Educator, Unacademy. unacademy

2. Page 10: Open to amending cattle rules: Minister Asked whether buffaloes or male head of cattle could be exempted from the provi- sions of slaughter, Dr.Vardhan said he had not "gone into the nitty-gritty" but there was not yet a dedicated committee looking at reviewing the restrictions. The Secretary [Environment Ministry] is going through representations. There have been some communication gaps and we are clear that there is no inten- tion to interfere with food habits or business. Page 10: Gorkhaland demand gathers steam. . The GJM leader demanded the Centre's intervention and said there would be no discussions with the TMC government.The next all-party meeting would be held orn June 20

3. World News: Panama cuts Taiwan ties for China. Panama has established diplomatic ties with China and broken with Taiwan in a major victory for Beijing, as it lures away the dwindling number of countries that have formal relations with the self-ruled island. . Panamanian President Juan Carlos Varela said that Panama was upgrading its commercial ties with China and establishing full diplomatic links with the second most important customer of its key shipping canal . Taiwan's government said it was sorry and angry over Panama's decision, and it would not compete with China in what it described as a "diplomatic money game Terrbones coetrcsed Dy

4. Business: New labour survey to generate quarterly and annual data . The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has started a Periodic Labour Force Survey, which will provide quarterly labour and employment data for urban India and annual data for rural India. . Introduced in April 2017, this survey will supersede the earlier system where such data was available only every five years. CAPI method Interviewing (CAPI) method, with field operators using tablets to enter the data. This would . It would supply data not only about the formal sector, but also about the informal sector. . The Periodic Labour Force Survey will also incorporate a Computer Assisted Per- sonal generate more accurate and timely information

5. India ratifies ILO pacts on child labour: India ratified two core conventions of International Labour Organisation on child labour: [I]Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No 138) and [2]the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182). [G.S. Mains-2 Polity and Governance] . India is the 170th ILO member state to ratify Convention No 138, which requires states party to set a minimum age under which no one shall be admitted to employment or work in any occupation, except for light work and artistic performances. . Similarly, India became 18lst member state to ratify Convention No 182, which calls for the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including: [i] slavery, forced labour and trafficking; [ij the use of children in armed conflict; [iilthe use of a child for prostitution, pornography & in illicit activities(such as drug trafficking); and [iv]hazardous work.

6. Govt. outlined a series of measures taken by India to end child labour, including the amendment to the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 which came into effect in September 2016. . This amendment now completely prohibits employment or work of children below 14 years in any occupation or process and also prohibits the employment of adolescents (14 to 18 years) in hazardous occupations and processes Another key measure taken recently by India National Child Labour project, which is a rehabilitative scheme providing bridge education and vocational training to adolescents. Goal 8 of Sustainable Development Goals: aims at the complete eradication of child labour by 2025 and calls for immediate action to prohibit and eliminate its worst forms.