unacademy 20th January 2019 Important Editorial Discussion(PREVENTING STUDENT SUICIDES)] Presented By: Prabhakar Jha
PRESSURE OF PERFECTION? of city One student commits Suicide every 55 minutes in India |In academic year 2017-18, more than 150 students across AP and Telangana committed suicide 2017-18 In Hyderabad, more than 30 students committed suicide in academic year suffering from anxiety & 20%students in a single class are Suicide incidence rate Suicide incidence rate WARNING SIGNs family and friends (extreme fear, sadness, irritability) sleeping and eating Isolation from Drastic changes in mood and behaviour Changes in Self 1,00,000 per 1,00,000 population for those below the age of 14 is 0.5 population for those in 14-17 age bracket is 9.52 Drug habits alcohol use in risky behavi EngagingShowing less interest in activities they previously iours enjoyed According to statistics, over the past three years more than 26,000 students have committed suicide across India. A majority of student suicides are caused by underlying psychiatric factors such as stress, depression and anxiety. It could result from difficulty in coping with academics, unrealistic expectations and pressure from parents and lack of support from peers. It is very important to identify the illness at an early stage and consult a mental health professional -Dr Virinchi Sharma I A PSYCHATIST
The Kota case (IIT coachings) is not an aberration. There have been frequent news reports of suicides taking place in coaching centres that train students for medical and engineering entrance examinations The causes of suicide among youth are complex and involve many factors. Reducing risk factors and increasing protective factors and resilience is critical Current scenario in society: Sociologist Emile Durkheim had famously hypothesised that suicides are a result of not just psychological or emotional factors but social factors as well, With a loss of community and other social bonds, students in schools, colleges and coaching centres end up taking their lives
Harsh Facts that need Immediate Attention: . According to the National Crime Records Bureau, between 2014 and 2016, 26,476 students committed suicide in India. Of them, 7,462 committed suicide due to failure in various examinations . The rising number of these cases provokes a serious discussion on the way in which outcomes of education are perceived in India . The instrumental value of education in India is its potential in generating socio-economic and cultural capital through a promise of decent job opportunities in the future. But the education system has not been successful in generating enough job options. . For instance, the International Labour Organisation's World Employment and Social Outlook Trends Report of 2018 says that in 2019, the job status of nearly 77% of Indian workers would be vulnerable and that 18.9 million people would be unemployed. . With their job future being so bleak, students are put under constant pressure to perform. They have failed to learn to enjoy the process of education. Instead, the constant pressure and stress has generated social antipathy and detachment among them.
Following the reports of suicides in Navodaya Vidyalayas, the National Human Rights Commission sought information from the Ministry of Human Resource Development on whether trained counsellors were present on campus According to Navodaya Vidyalaya Samitis, merely one or two training sessions are included to sensitise the teachers and principals regarding safety and security of the children and to prevent suicidal tendencies. Colleges must be The mevork for implementatn ahivan the Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) recognises the role of guidance and counselling services to students 01n 2018, the government approved an integrated school education Scheme subsuming the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, the RMSA, and Teacher Education from April 2018 to March 2020 However, without any significant rise in budgetary allocations for education, it is likely that there would be cuts in "non productive" areas of education such as guidance and counselling.
Resiliency Factors: . The presence of resiliency factors can lessen the potential of risk factors to lead to suicidal ideation and behaviours. Once a child or adolescent is considered at risk, schools, families, and friends should work to build these factors in and around the youth. These include: .Family support and cohesion, including good communication. Peer support and close social networks, . School and community connectedness. . Cultural or religious beliefs that discourage suicide and promote healthy living Adaptive coping and problem-solving skills, including conflict- resolution. . General life satisfaction, good self-esteem, sense of purpose. Easy access to effective medical and mental health resources.
GS And GA faculty @ Mahendra's Coaching Institute. Teaching Polity, and international relations for 7 years