unacademy 11th January 2019 Important Editorial Discussion(The Great Game is Not a Zero-Sum Deal: On Handling Afghanistan) Presented By: Prabhakar Jha
Sharing part of a border with Afghanistan, China has a great interest in its stability China would be adversely affected by war and chaos in Afghanistan, which could spill over into north-western China, Pakistan, and Central Asia. China then announced its intention to build regional consensus on Afghanistan's security China's Interest in Afghanistan Unsurprisingly Afghanistan's President, Ashraf Ghani, made China the destination of his first official trip abroad in October 2014. As all these areas are vital in its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), peace in Afghanistan is critical Over the last decade China has gained considerable economic and diplomatic influence in Afghanistan.
It has joined the U.S. and Russia in several peace talks with the Taliban and is part of the four- nation Quadrilateral Coordination Group (with Afghanistan, Pakistan and the U.s.). It is giving military aid to Afghanistan, with the express intent of fighting terrorism and increasing security cooperation Despite the prevailing instability in Afghanistan, China has used diplomacy and finance to appear influential and generous. It has invested in projects such as mining, roads and railways, and health A rail link, completed in 2016, and running from far eastern China via Uzbekistan to the river port of Hairatan in northern Afghanistan, could reduce the time taken to make shipments, from six months by road, to just two weeks China's diplomacy has highlighted its contacts with all parties to the conflict and enhanced its status as a power broker
Consequences of a US Withdrawal . If the U.S. withdrawal exacerbates conflict, southern Russia will also face the threlaCart of Rusiis areadsy tensed.] . Therefore, Russia and its Central Asian 'near abroad' would be willing to expand their cooperation with China to curb insecurity. . Since 2011, China has continually blamed Pakistan for exporting extremists to Uighur in Xinjiang, and for extremist attacks on Chinese workers in the CPEC area. [This is a rare thorn in China-Pakistan relations] . But these incidents have so far not affected their friendship. China has reportedly invested billions in the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which cuts across the disputed territory in Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir. It is unclear how China is going to deal with Pakistan, its all-weather friend which trains and exports extremists across the Durand Line.
India supports China's role in international negotiations on Afghanistan, the activation of the SCO. Afghanistan Contact Group and other mechanisms of dialogue and cooperation for the restoration of peace and development in Afghanistan. For its part, India has certainly contributed much 'soft power' ranging from telecommunications to education, Bollywood movies, and pop music. India (and China) have started a joint training project for Afghan diplomats. India could expand cooperation by facilitating Afghanistan's full membership of the SCO India-Afghan Relation The building for the National Assembly was built with Indian assistance to support Afghanistan's democracy Indian reconstruction largesse amounting to some $3 billion, has earned its goodwill and popularity Afghanistan-India relations have progressed exponentially over the years and the transformation of bilateral relation is mirrored with remarkable development in achieving the shared objective
The foremost driver of India's Afghanistan policy is its desire to strike a strategic balance between Afghanistan and Pakistan. In practical terms, it means that India wants to ensure that Pakistan does not manipulate the terms of reconciliation between the Afghan Taliban and Kabul. [This means that if Pakistan meddle too much in Afghanistan's internal affairs, Kabul will have the option to lean towards India to balance that out] The harsh truth is that without the willingness to put the real military capability to project power in the region, India's considerable goodwill cannot achieve its strategic ends. India, which has been against holding talks with the Taliban for a long time, finally sent two retired diplomats, at the 'non-official level', to join them at the Moscow peace parleys in November 2018. But India's lengthy absence from regional diplomacy has resulted in its limited contribution to the negotiations that are necessary to stabilize Afghanistan.
GS And GA faculty @ Mahendra's Coaching Institute. Teaching Polity, and international relations for 7 years