Railway Exam » Railway Exam Study Materials » Polity » A Constitutional Provision

A Constitutional Provision

Are you eager to learn about the constitutional provisions and the steps initiated by the government for the same? If yes, then this guide will provide you with all the information related to the topic of a constitutional provision.

What is a Constitution?

There are certain fundamental principles of the state, the rules by which the government should rule. The ordinary legislative act can only change it. This set of fundamental legal-political rules and guidelines is known as the Constitution. 

This binds the people of the state and is concerned with the structure and operation of the government, principles, and the rights of the people. The ordinary act cannot change the set of rules. A particular act has to be passed to make amendments to the Constitution. 

Chief Functions of a Constitution

  • The Constitution defines the geographical boundary as well as the territorial boundary. It also defines the boundary of the political community. This distinguishes which people are of a particular region and which are not.
  • It proclaims the fundamental rules and regulations and gives human rights to the people of the political community.
  • The Constitution declares the nation’s symbols like the national flag, national emblem, national anthem, national flower, national animal, national fruit, national bird, and many more.
  • The Constitution also gives equal rights and duties to each and every responsible citizen of the country. It states that each and every citizen should perform the duties and we should work for the welfare of the community. 

What do you Mean by Constitutional Provisions?

Constitutional Provisions are the set of rules or laws that come under a country’s Constitution. It establishes the fundamental rights and duties of the citizens. These cannot be changed or altered by the court or common law. If the provisions are to be changed, they must go through a specific process.

What are the five Constitutional Provisions?

  • Freedom of speech and religion
  • Citizenship
  • Separation of state and religion
  • Fundamental structure doctrine of the construction of India
  • Secularism 

Four Major Provisions of the Indian Constitution Applicable to the Business

  • To provide sufficient jobs and livelihood to the citizens.
  • To ensure that men and women are paid equally
  • To ensure the protection of the workers
  • To synchronize the economic system of the country

Some Constitutional Provisions

  • Article 315: Public Service Commission for the Union and for the States
  • Article 316: Appointment of members for work
  • Article 317: Suspension of a person from a Public Service Commission
  • Article 318: It grants the power to make regulations
  • Article 319: Prohibits the holding of offices by the members
  • Article 320: Work of Public Service Commission
  • Article 321: Grant power for the extension of functions of the Public Service Commission 
  • Article 322: Expenditure of Public Service Commission
  • Article 323: Reports of Public Service Commission

Constitutional Provisions of India based on Education

  • Article 15: It prohibits the discrimination of people based on caste, creed, religion, and race.
  • Article 21A: This article was inserted into the Constitution by the 86th Amendment Act of the Constitution. This article gives the Right to Education.
  • Article 28: It declares the freedom of religious worship in some educational institutes. 
  • Article 30: This article gives the right to the minorities to build their educational institutes. 


This article focuses on the constitutional provisions and explains each point related to it in detail. Constitutional provisions are the set of rules or laws that come under a country’s Constitution. These cannot be modified easily. 

After going through this article, one can easily understand constitutional provisions and will be able to clarify its doubts.


Frequently Asked Questions

Get answers to the most common queries related to the Railway Examination Preparation.

What are the Constitutional Rights of any citizen?

Ans: Constitutional rights are the protections and liberties granted to the pe...Read full

What are Fundamental Duties? List some of them.

Ans: Some duties were added by the 42nd Amendment Act of the Constitution in 1...Read full

What do you mean by secularism?

Ans: Secularism is mainly related to religion and faith. If a country is said ...Read full