A wave is a disturbance that travels from one end of a medium to the other. We can observe an ocean wave as it travels across the medium, which is the ocean water. In addition, the crest of the wave may be seen travelling from one site to another over a period of time.

This crest appears to extend a considerable distance. As we all know, an object’s speed relates to how quickly it moves and is commonly stated as the distance travelled per unit time of travel.

## Wave

Generally Ocean waves flow across a medium, and we can witness their movement from one place to the next. When a source vibrates and disrupts a particle in the medium, this wave is visible. It can also be seen in the case of tuning forks or water ripples when a body is dropped, for example.

The reflection of waves at the end of a medium is a frequent thing. The frequency of a wave is the number of waves that move in one second. In addition, the time period is calculated as the reciprocal of the wave frequency. The wavelength of a wave is the distance between any two consecutive waves’ corresponding points.

## Wave Speed

The distance a wave travels in a particular amount of time, such as the number of metres it travels per second, is referred to as wave speed. The equation can be used to represent wave speed (and speed in general) that is:

Speed=DistanceTime

Wave frequency and wavelength are both related to wave speed. The distance between two similar spots on adjacent waves is known as the wavelength. The number of waves that pass a fixed point in a given amount of time is known as wave frequency. The equation that depicts the relationship between the three variables is given by:

Speed=Wavelength × Wave Frequency

The wavelength is specified in metres, and the frequency is measured in hertz (Hz), or the number of waves per second, in this equation. As a result, wave speed is expressed in metres per second that is the SI unit of speed.

Wave speed is a wave attribute that can refer to the absolute value of one or more of the following:

**Phase Velocity:** For a given frequency, the velocity at which a wave phase propagates.

**Group Velocity:** The propagation velocity of wave groups and, in some instances, wave energy, which differs from the phase velocity of dispersive waves.

**Signal Velocity:** The velocity at which a wave carries information is known as signal velocity and also known as information velocity.

**Front Velocity:** The rate at which a pulse’s first increase above zero moves forward.

### Conclusion

In this article we have studied waves, wave speed and some other important topics. The distance a wave travels in a particular amount of time, such as the number of metres it travels per second, is referred to as wave speed.

The equation Speed = Wavelength x Frequency relates wave speed to wavelength and frequency. When the wavelength and frequency are known, this equation can be used to calculate wave speed. If the speed and the other value are known, the equation for wave speed can be written to solve for wavelength or frequency.

Most waves’ speed is determined by the medium, or matter, through which they pass. Waves travel the fastest through solids and the slowest via gases in general.