Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION: CONSEQUENCES BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
ABOUT ME Nandini Maharaj BA Hons. History (Lady Shri Ram College) . MA Human Rights (Sheffield Hallam University) .Reader, dancer . Rate, review, and recommend!
TOPICS . Common Sense . The Second Continental Congress The Declaration of Independence .Consequences
COMMON SENSE . A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine, advocating for independence of the colonies from Great Britain using moral and political logic. . January, 1776 (soon after the beginning for the war, 1775-1783) It is written in straight forward English. . It was published and circulated widely. . The idea of independence before the pamphlet had not been given serious intellectual consideration. The pamphlet changed this. It contained powerful rhetorical arguments, and it contained the idea that America is somehow special, even exceptional.
COMMON SENSE ."The cause of America is in great measure the cause of all (hu)mankind" ."For all men being originally equals, no one by birth could have the right to set up his own family in perpetual preference to all others forever, and tho' himself might deserve some decent degree of honours of his cotemporaries, yet his descendants might be far too unworthy to inherit them." "There is something absurd, in supposing a continent to be perpetually governed by an island." . Paines' persuasive arguments are one reason behind Americans Declaration of independence, which occurred 6 months after publication of Common Sense
SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS Philadelphia . May 1775-March 1781 . Delegates from the 13 colonies met to manage the war effort. They signed the Declaration of Independence
THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE . 4th July, 1776 Declared the colonies as 13 independent sovereign states, united as a nation . No longer under British Rule . Drafted by Thomas Jefferson, pushed for by John Adams. 'We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty & the Pursuit of Happiness.
THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE It summarised the political philosophy of the enlightenment thinkers, especially John Locke . Helped get foreign aid in war effort. . Highlighted abuses by British against colonist. . Stated the government exists to support rights of men. . After this, the long process of building the State began.
CONSEQUENCES After the Declaration of Independence, the colonies became states and created constitutions.In general, the constitutions Lowered property qualifications for voting. Allowed for true religious freedom. Jefferson called for a wall of separation between the Church and the State. eThe revolution also changed the economy: there was a decline in indentured servitude, which created fissures between the north and the south . Between 1777 and 1804, all states North of Maryland got rid of slavery