Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION: CAUSES (2) BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
ABOUT ME Nandini Maharaj BA Hons. History (Lady Shri Ram College) . MA Human Rights (Sheffield Hallam University) .Reader, dancer . Rate, review, and recommend!
TOPICS . Introduction The Seven Years Wars . Recovery of expenditure by taxes Mercantile Capitalism Role of Enlightenment Thinkers
TAXES Great Britain tried to recover war debts and expenditure by taxing the American colonies. . Sugar Act of 1764 Gave British courts the right to tax colonial smugglers, taking the right away from colonial courts (who had been lenient when it came to enforcing anti-smuggling)
TAXES Stamp Act 1765 Any printed material in the colonies to be produced on stamped paper. . This paper was produced in London, and was taxed. Stamp Act Congress : Americans decided to boycott British goods [first major coordinated action by the colonies together]. Street actions (by the 'Sons of Liberty') and talk of liberty became frequent. British Parliament repealed the Stamp Act.
TAXES Townshend Acts 1767 created a new board of customs to stop smugglings. Daughters of Liberty began encouraging homespun clothes instead of British imports. .
TAXES . 1773 Tea Act: . Allowed the British East India Company to dump cheap tea in the Americans colonies. British had by now repealed taxes on all consumers goods, except tea. . Tea was a universally consumed item : retaining tax on tea retained the British right to levies tax in the US colonies . 1773 Boston Tea Party: a political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, Massachusetts on December 16, 1773 The demonstrators, some disguised as Native Americans destroyed an entire shipment of tea sent by the East India Compant. They boarded the ships and threw the chests of tea into Boston Harbour
TAXES Thus in 1774 began a slew of regulations known as the Intolerable Acts or the Coercive Acts They curtailed self government in Massachusetts Act) Granted religious toleration to the Catholics. . Forced colonies to house British soldiers when ordered to (Quartering . The colonies response to these Acts is the start of the American Revolution.
MERCANTILE CAPITALISM It prevented development of Americans industry, forced US to import British goods & supply raw materials. . (See lesson on previous year questions for further explanation)