NTA UGC NET Paper - 1
About Me Sandeep M.Tech (IT) from IIIT CSIR (Engineering Science) as JRF UGC NET (JRF) Computer Science & Applications Worked as Software Engineer & Research Scientist
Part - 9
unacademy 09 45:14PM Follow me on the Unacademy Learning App 127.1k Sandeep Singh Educator since May 2018 Co-founder of BSI Academy 5 years of teaching Qualified in UGC NET in Computer Science and its .Get updates about new courses Watch all my lessons Download slides and watch offline Application as JRF&lecturer 147k 0 34 Follow All courses Q Sandeep Singh HINDI Programming in C&C (Hindi) Concepts of Objects Oriented Programming CBSE UGC NET (6 rating Sandeep Singh
What had begun as a protest against a cartoon by the legendary cartoonist political Shankar showing Dr. BR Ambedkar in a science textbook for class XI, is now part of a wider agitation by MPs against showing politicians in poor light. The protests by some politicians over the Shankar cartoon which allegedly showed disrespect when in reality it did no such thing - to Ambedkar are now are now an established routine where icons are placed on a pedestal and placed above criticism, real or imaginary. It is irony that the same cartoon has appeared in a collection where Jawaharlal Nehru, who is also shown in the 'offensive' cartoon with Ambedkar, is quoted as saying, don't spare me, Shankar".
Troubling as the phenomenon of competitive intolerance is, the discussion on the NCERT textbooks in the Lok Sabha was more an illustration of the outdated ideas that our MPs have on pedagogy and school education. In speech after repetitive speech, MPs read the cartoon as a larger conspiracy to denigrate politicians and corrupt young minds. The lone voice of dissent came from a marginal party member, the National Conference's Sharifuddin Shariq, who pointed out that the MPs themselves had given cartoonists ample opportunity to caricature politicians. But, aptly enough, he was shouted down by other MPs, including those from the Congress. Indeed, the abject surrender of the government was summed up in HRD minister Kapil Sibal's reply where he admitted that a large number of cartoons in the textbooks were "offensive" and "inappropriate" and he forthwith agreed to set up a committee to vet the textbooks.
Though the speeches by the MPs displayed a deeply troubling intolerance towards criticism and satire, freedom of expression wasn't the primary issue here. At stake is the kind of education system India wants and the sort of textbooks schoolchildren should study. The current batch of NCERT textbooks, rolled out between 2005 and 2008 under the National curriculum Framework, came after school textbooks had been tainted by the saffron agenda of the former HRD minister Murli Manohar Joshi of the BJP The new set of textbooks is refreshing in its even-handed approach to Indian history and politics, and the use of visual tools to grab the attention of students and to force them to ask questions. Cartoons are liberally used along with newspaper headlines, famous advertisements and graphics to liven up what had been rather dull and, worse ideologically skewed textbooks. Unfortunately the cartoons are now seen as subversive by our politicians, who believe that Indian teenagers are not capable of comprehending satire or humour.
If Indian politicians think that this approach is poisoning the minds of students, we must reach the sad conclusion that the latest pedagogical methods have bypassed our MPs and that they are firm believers in rote learning. Worse, their attitude reeks of paternalism which completely underestimates the minds of today's teenagers. Further, it jettisons the autonomy of educational institutions, which is anyway fragile.
1 Which of the following are conclusions drawn from this imbroglio by the author of the passage? [A] Modern methods of education are unknown to our MPs. [B] The MPs have no idea of the minds of today's teenagers. [C] The MPs are threatening the independence of educational institutions [D] All of the above
Q. 2 This question consists of an assertion (A) and a reason (R). Indicate your answer by selecting the correct alternative Assertion (A): The Government submissively gave in to the MPs views. Reason (R): The HRD minister agreed to ask NCERT to revise the textbooks. [A] Both A and R are right and R is the correct explanation for A [B] Both A and R are right but R is not the correct explanation for A [C] A is right but R is wrong [D] A is wrong but R is right
Q. 3 Consider the following statements regarding Mr. Sharifuddin Shario 1. The MPs resented his comments. 2. He said that the MPs had given enough chances to the cartoonists to make fun of them. 3. Mr. Shariq is a member of a major political party. Which of the above statements are incorrect, as given in the passage? [A] Only3 [B] 1 and 3 [C] 2 and 3 [D] All of these
Q. 4 Consider the following statements regarding politicians, as given in the passage 1. They do not value independent thinking by children. 2. They have outdated ideas about teaching in schools. 3. They believe in the method of "memorization by repetition" in school education. 4. They believe that the textbooks are corrupting students' minds Which of the above statements are true, as per the passage? [A] 3 and 4 [B] 2, 3 and 4 [C] 1, 2 and 4 [D] All of the above
Q. 5 Consider the following statements about NCERT textbooks 1. One cartoon in a textbook showed disrespect to Ambedkar. 2. The current textbooks are biased in their approach to Indian history and politics 3. They make the students ask questions. 4. They all less lively than the textbooks used before 2005. Which of the above statements are true, as per the passage? [A] Only 1 [B] Only 3 [C] 3 and 4 [D] 1, 3 and 4
Q. 5 Consider the following statements about NCERT textbooks 1. One cartoon in a textbook showed disrespect to Ambedkar. 2. The current textbooks are biased in their approach to Indian history and politics 3. They make the students ask questions. 4. They all less lively than the textbooks used before 2005. Which of the above statements are true, as per the passage? [A] Only 1 B] Only 3 [C] 3 and 4 [D] 1, 3 and 4
Co-founder of BSI Academy and running YouTube channel. 5 years of teaching experience. Qualified in UGC NET & CSIR in Computer Science as JR