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Reading Comprehension Part - 4 (in Hindi)
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This lesson presents the important questions of reading comprehension for NTA UGC NET.

Sandeep
Co-founder of BSI Academy and running YouTube channel. 5 years of teaching experience. Qualified in UGC NET & CSIR in Computer Science as JR

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  1. NTA UGC NET Paper - 1


  2. About Me Sandeep M.Tech (IT) from IIIT CSIR (Engineering Science) as JRF UGC NET (JRF) Computer Science & Applications Worked as Software Engineer & Research Scientist


  3. Reading Comprehension


  4. Part 4


  5. unacademy 09 45:14PM Follow me on the Unacademy Learning App 127.1k Sandeep Singh Educator since May 2018 Co-founder of BSI Academy 5 years of teaching Qualified in UGC NET in Computer Science and its .Get updates about new courses Watch all my lessons Download slides and watch offline Application as JRF&lecturer 147k 0 34 Follow All courses Q Sandeep Singh HINDI Programming in C&C (Hindi) Concepts of Objects Oriented Programming CBSE UGC NET (6 rating Sandeep Singh


  6. Prior to 1975, union efforts to organize public-sector clerical workers, most of whom are women, were somewhat limited, The factors favouring unionization drives seem to have been either the presence of large numbers of workers, as in New York city, to make it worth the effort or the concentration of small numbers in one or two locations, such as a hospital, to make it relatively easy. Receptivity to unionization on the workers' part was also a consideration, but when there were large numbers involved or the clerical workers were the only unorganized group in a jurisdiction, the multi-occupational ,unions would often try to organize them regardless of the workers' initial receptivity. The strategic Reasoning was based, first, on the concern that politicians and administrators might play off unionized against non-unionized workers, and second, on the conviction that a fully unionized public work force meant power, both at the bargaining table and in the legislature.


  7. In localities, where clerical workers were few in number, were scattered in several workplaces, and expressed no interest in being organized, unions more often than not ignored them in the pre-1975 period. But since the mid-1970s, a different strategy has emerged. In 1977, 34% of government clerical workers were represented by a labour organization, compared with 46% of government professionals, 44% of government blue collar workers, and 47% of government service workers. Since then, however, the biggest increases in public sector unionization have been among clerical workers. Between 1977 and 1980, the number of unionized government workers in blue-collar and service occupations increased only about 1.5%, while in the white-collar occupations the increase was 20% and among clerical workers in particular, the increase was 22%


  8. What accounts for this upsurge in unionization among clerical workers? First, more women have entered the work force in the past few years, and more of them plan to remain working until retirement age. Consequently, they are probably more concerned than their predecessors were about job security and economic benefits. Also, the women's movement has succeeded in legitimizing the economic and political activism of women on their own behalf, thereby producing a more positive attitude toward unions.


  9. The absence of any comparable increase in unionization among private-sector clerical workers, however, identifies the primary catalyst-the structural change in the multi-occupational public-sector unions themselves. Over the past twenty years, the occupational distribution in these unions has been steadily shifting from predominantly blue collar to predominantly blue-collar. Because there are far more women in white-collar jobs, an increase in the proportion of female members has accompanied the occupational shift and has altered union policy- making in favour of organizing women and addressing women's issues.


  10. Q. 1 Consider the following statements regarding the consequence of the women's movement of recent years, as mentioned in the passage 1: An increase in the number of women entering the work force. 2. An increase in the proportion of clerical workers that are women. 3. A more positive attitude on the part of women toward unions. 4. An increase in the number of women in administrative positions. Which of the above statement(s) is/ are correct, as per the passage? [A] Only 3 [B] 1, 2 and 3 [C] 1 and 2 [D] All of the above


  11. Q. 2 This question consists of an Assertion (A) and a Reason (R). Indicate your answer by selecting the correct alternative Assertion (A): Prior to 1975, unions sometimes tried to organize workers regardless of the workers' initial interest in unionization Reason (R): The Union's efforts were to achieve a fully unionized work force. [A] Both A and R are right and R is the correct explanation for A [B] Both A and R are right but R is not the correct explanation for A [C] A is right but R is wrong [D] A is wrong but R is right


  12. Q. 3 Consider the following statements regarding considerations prior to 1975 that helped determine whether a union would attempt to organize a certain group of clerical workers 1. The degree to which the clerical workers in that group were interested in unionization. 2. Whether the clerical workers in that area were concentrated in one workplace or scattered over several workplaces 3. The number of clerical workers in that group. 4. The number of women among the clerical workers in that group. Which of the above statements are incorrect, as per the passage? [A] 1, 3 and 4 B] Only 4 [C] 2 and 3 IDI Only 3


  13. Q. 4 The author suggests that it would be disadvantageous to a union if [A] The union included members from only a few occupations [B] The union contributed to political campaigns [C] Many workers in a locality were not unionized [D] The union included workers from several jurisdictions


  14. Q. 5 The following statements are about working women in the years prior to the mid- 1970's, regarding what tendency they showed compared to the working women of today 1. They expressed a positive attitude toward labour unions. 2. They preferred smaller workplaces 3. They sided with administrators in labour disputes. 4. They quit working prior to retirement age. Which of the above statements is/ are not implied by the author in the passage? [A] 1, 2 and 3 [B] 1 and 3 [C] 2 and 4 [D] Only 4


  15. Q. 5 The following statements are about working women in the years prior to the mid- 1970's, regarding what tendency they showed compared to the working women of today 1. They expressed a positive attitude toward labour unions. 2. They preferred smaller workplaces 3. They sided with administrators in labour disputes. 4. They quit working prior to retirement age. Which of the above statements is/ are not implied by the author in the passage? [A] 1, 2 and 3 [B] 1 and 3 [C] 2 and 4 [D] Only 4


  16. Thank You