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Reading Comprehension Part - 20 (Hindi)
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This lesson presents the important questions of reading comprehension for NTA UGC NET.

Sandeep
Co-founder of BSI Academy and running YouTube channel. 5 years of teaching experience. Qualified in UGC NET & CSIR in Computer Science as JR

U
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sir i have shared a problem with you in whatsapp : kindly solve that too
Bharat Gupta
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  1. NTA UGC NET Paper - 1


  2. About Me Sandeep M.Tech (IT) from IIIT CSIR (Engineering Science) as JRF UGC NET (JRF) Computer Science & Applications Worked as Software Engineer & Research Scientist


  3. Reading Comprehension


  4. Part - 20


  5. unacademy 09 45:14PM Follow me on the Unacademy Learning App 127.1k Sandeep Singh Educator since May 2018 Co-founder of BSI Academy 5 years of teaching Qualified in UGC NET in Computer Science and its .Get updates about new courses Watch all my lessons Download slides and watch offline Application as JRF&lecturer 147k 0 34 Follow All courses Q Sandeep Singh HINDI Programming in C&C (Hindi) Concepts of Objects Oriented Programming CBSE UGC NET (6 rating Sandeep Singh


  6. There is a long list of horror stories connected with the consumption of sugar- hyperactivity in children, criminal behaviour in adults, diabetes and elevated cholesterol. There is little good scientific evidence thatsugar causes these conditions, but under certain circumstances it is thought to aggravate them While the relationship between diet and health is far from an exact science, the relationship between diet and behaviour is even less clear. "There is a reasonable amount of evidence that what we eat does regulate one's brain chemistry," said Bambi Young, associate visiting professor in the Department of Epidemiology at the UCLA, "and it is more pronounced in certain individuals under certain circumstances"


  7. The effects of food on behavior are subtle, but they do exist. There are some people, particularly young children, who are super respondents. Sugar, perhaps because it provides nothing but calories and pleasure, is high in the list of culprits. Sugar is a carbohydrate like pasta and grain. It is a simple carbohydrate; pasta and grain are complex ones but they are worlds apart All carbohydrates are made up of one or more simple sugars under which sugar appears as glucose (blood sugar), fructose (fruit sugar). sucrose (table sugar), lactose (milk sugar) and maltose (malt sugar). Sugar is used for energy Brain cells need it to function. Some other sugar that we take in, whether in the form Simple or complex carbohydrates, is stored, to be used as needed. The excess is converted to fat.


  8. Sugar, that includes all forms of honey, corn syrup, high-fructose corn syrup, maple syrup and molasses - is the number one additive in foods. It turns up in the least expected places, like mayonnaise and ketchup. Researchers generally agree that an inborn desire for sweetness begins at birth. One school of thought theorises that sugar is addictive and provides a 'high' similar to, though much lesser than, drugs. "No one knows whether one becomes addicted to the ,pleasure or whether sugar has an effect in the brain level," said a professor of psychiatry. "But behaviourally there are children who become very dependent on sugar."


  9. However for some people who are anxious and tense, sugar has a positive effect because it promotes a feeling of well-being and of alertness. Though there is a general agreement about this in the scientific community, others disagree. According to them, there can be the opposite effect. "It depends on the persons and on the situations," said Mr. Conners of Duke University. "There are huge individual differences. Though sugar does not cause hyperactivity uncontrollable behaviour in children, it exacerbates it."


  10. One typical scenario is the child who eats candy, cookies and cakes at a birthday party "people are always telling me about their children who came home from a birthday party hanging from a chandelier," said Bonnie Kaplan, an associate professor of Pediatrics and Psychology. "Parents blame it on sugar, but birthday parties are very exciting things for children and in addition there are other things besides sugar in the food. "Mr. Conners agreed that "Stimulus is important, " but he added, "it is hard to pin down until you realize it depends on the content of the rest of the meal"


  11. Q. 1. Children's way of life renders them open to (a) heavy use of sugar (b) hyperactivity after eating sweets (c) eating lots of candies, cookies and cakes (d) careful selection of food items served at. a birthday party


  12. Q. 2. Consider the following categories of persons mentioned in the first sentence of the passage 1. Adult criminals 2. Diabetic patients 3. Young sweet-eating children 4. Those who have cholesterol The statement, "there is good medical evidence that their condition will worsen if they don't regulate sugar consumption" is referring to which of the above categories? (a) 2 and 4 (b) 1, 2 and 3 (c) Only 2 (d) Only 3


  13. Q. 4. Which one of the following would be a suitable title for the passage? (a) Child behaviour (b) Effect of sugar on behaviour (c) An expert analysis of sugar and carbohydrates (d) Experts' views on effect of sugar consumption on behaviour


  14. Q. 4. Which one of the following would be a suitable title for the passage? (a) Child behaviour (b) Effect of sugar on behaviour (c) An expert analysis of sugar and carbohydrates (d) Experts' views on effect of sugar consumption on behaviour


  15. Q. 5. Consider the following statements from the passage 1. Sugar provides a 'high' similar to, though much lesser than, drugs. 2. Behaviourally there are children who become very dependent on sugar. 3. Sugar has a positive effect because it promotes a feeling of well-being and of alertness. 4. Though sugar does not cause hyperactivity, it exacerbates it. Which of the above arguments support the argument that sugar is addictive? (a) Only 1 and 2 (b) 1, 2 and 4 (c) 1, 2 and 3 (d) All of these


  16. Q. 5. Consider the following statements from the passage 1. Sugar provides a 'high' similar to, though much lesser than, drugs. 2. Behaviourally there are children who become very dependent on sugar. 3. Sugar has a positive effect because it promotes a feeling of well-being and of alertness. 4. Though sugar does not cause hyperactivity, it exacerbates it. Which of the above arguments support the argument that sugar is addictive? (a) Only 1 and 2 (b) 1, 2 and 4 (c) 1, 2 and 3 (d) All of these