NTA UGC NET Paper - 1
About Me Sandeep M.Tech (IT) from IIIT CSIR (Engineering Science) as JRF UGC NET (JRF) Computer Science & Applications Worked as Software Engineer & Research Scientist
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Locals point out that the Nilgiri forests are now shorn of their trademark orchids and the Shola forests exposed to air pollution due to tourist vehicles constantly zigzagging through tiger reserves. Green belts like Sindhudurg in Maharashtra, which was demarcated as one of the earliest eco-tourism zones, lie ravaged due to unregulated mining activity, which has been stalled only recently. In such a scenario, an increased interest in the ghats may spell doom, fear many. A heritage tag makes a place more popular and gives it more attention from central and state governments. This usually means more funds allocated, without clear vision of how they would be used.
The focus is unfortunately on infrastructure suited to mass tourism. Their research in the ghats showed that benefits of tourism rarely percolate to indigenous communities. Experts say there is a need to regulate opening up of more natural reserves to tourism. Also recommended is the creation of a metropolitan agency to holistically address tourism in the ghats instead of piecemeal at the level of the local zilla parishads and civic bodies.
UNESCO itself has acknowledged the tourism dilemma that comes with its accolades. Among the strategies it suggests its reducing demand by imposing higher visitor fees. The agency, in fact, cities the success of hiked entry fees in Rajasthan's Keoladeo National Park, which is already on the list. The move in the 1990s saw a decrease in footfalls but an increase in tourist-driven revenues. Lessons could also be learnt from the tiger reserve of Sunderbans, which successfully uses camp and cottage-based eco-tourism devoid of energy- guzzling technologies.
The government too has begun to take cognizance. The environment ministry this week stated that a cess would be introduced for private hotels within five kilometres of natural habitats, restrictions placed on the number of tourists and lodges in the middle of sanctuaries moved out.
Q. 1 Consider the following statements regarding giving the ghats a heritage status 1. Besides its benefits, tourism may bring its own problems. 2. Lots of tourists will flock to this place. 3. The benefits of tourism are few and far between. 4. It will make it interesting for the tourist and therefore many will flock to see them. Which of the above statements best describes who an increased interest in the ghats may spell doom? (a) 2 and 3 (c) Only 1 (b) 1 and 3 (d) Only 3
Q. 2 Consider the following implications of the phrase "shorn of their trademark orchids" in the first sentence of the passage 1. The destruction of green belts. 2. The air pollution in the forests. 3. The environmental impact of tourism 4. The Nilgiri forests are rejuvenated. What does the author imply when he uses this phrase? (a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 2 and3 (c) 1 and 4 (d) Only 3
Q. 3 Consider the following recommendations by experts to tackle the negative environmental impact on forests 1. Making a central agency accountable for tourism in the natural reserves. 2. Regulating the opening up of natural reserves to tourists. 3. Including the local zilla parishads and civic bodies 4. Charging a higher visitor fee. Which of the above statements are recommended by experts as mentioned in the passage? (a) 2 and 3 (b) 1 and 2 (c) 1,2 and 4 (d) 2, 3 and 4
Q. 4 Which of the following measures has the Government planned to improve the natural habitats of endangered species, as per the passage? (a) Places of stay inside sanctuaries will be removed (b) Private hotels within 10 kilometres of these habitats will pay less tax to the Government (c) Tourists will be allowed free access to the sanctuaries (d) None of the above
Co-founder of BSI Academy and running YouTube channel. 5 years of teaching experience. Qualified in UGC NET & CSIR in Computer Science as JR