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Reading Comprehension Part - 2 (in Hindi)
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This lesson presents the important questions of reading comprehension for NTA UGC NET.

Sandeep
Co-founder of BSI Academy and running YouTube channel. 5 years of teaching experience. Qualified in UGC NET & CSIR in Computer Science as JR

U
Unacademy user
thanks sir to make this course for us ..its help me alot
  1. NTA UGC NET Paper - 1


  2. About Me Sandeep M.Tech (IT) from IIIT CSIR (Engineering Science) as JRF UGC NET (JRF) Computer Science & Applications Worked as Software Engineer & Research Scientist


  3. Reading Comprehension


  4. Part 2


  5. unacademy 09 45:14PM Follow me on the Unacademy Learning App 127.1k Sandeep Singh Educator since May 2018 Co-founder of BSI Academy 5 years of teaching Qualified in UGC NET in Computer Science and its .Get updates about new courses Watch all my lessons Download slides and watch offline Application as JRF&lecturer 147k 0 34 Follow All courses Q Sandeep Singh HINDI Programming in C&C (Hindi) Concepts of Objects Oriented Programming CBSE UGC NET (6 rating Sandeep Singh


  6. AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a condition caused by a virus called HIV. This virus attacks the immune system, the body's 'security force' that fights off infections. When the immune system breaks down, you lose this protection and can develop many serious, often deadly infections and cancers. These are called 'opportunistic infections (OIs)' because they take advantage of the body's weakened defences. You have heard it said that someone Died of AIDS.' This is not entirely accurate, since it is the opportunistic infections that cause death. AIDS is the condition that lets the OIs take hold


  7. And what is HIV? HIV is a virus, like the flu or cold. A virus is really nothing but a set of instructions for making new viruses, wrapped up in some fat, protein and sugar. Without living cells, a virus can't do anything - it's like a brain with no body. In order to make more viruses (and to do all of the other nasty things that viruses do), a virus has to infect a cell. HIV mostly infects T-cells, also known as CD4 + cells, or T-helper cells. These cells are white blood cells that turn the immune svstem on to fight disease. Once inside the cell, HIV starts producing millions of little viruses, which eventually kill the cell and then go out to infect other cells. All of the drugs marketed to treat HIV work by interfering with this process. There, that wasn't so hard, was it?


  8. To learn more on how HIV infects a T-cell and begins to create more viruses, let us learn about Opportunistic Infections (OIs) In the USA, the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) is responsible for collecting data on the number of people with AIDS This is not the same thing as the number of people living with HIV Remember, AIDS includes the words 'immune deficiency'. Since people can live with HIV an average of 10 years before their immune systems become seriously impaired AIDS is really just an advanced stage of an HIV infection.


  9. The CDC uses specific criteria for determining when a person living with HIV progresses to AIDS. One thing they look at is T-cell counts: if a person falls below 200 T4 cells, then they have officially progressed to AIDS. Another thing they look for are OIs: if an HIV+ individual is diagnosed with an opportunistic infection that's included on the CDC's list of over two dozen possible HIV- related Ols, then they are diagnosed with AIDS Many Ols can be prevented and/or treated. In fact, a lot of the AIDS research you hear about has been done to find treatments or cures for specific Ols, and not just looking for drugs to stop HIV


  10. Q.1 Consider the following statements regarding Opportunistic Infections (OIs) 1. They can cause death 2. They attack CD4+ cells. 3. They are related to HIV. 4. They cannot be treated successfully Which of the above statements are true, as per the passage? [A] 1 and 3 [B] 1, 2 and 3 [C] 1 and 4 [D] All of these


  11. Q.2 This question consists of an Assertion (A) and a Reason (R). Indicate your answer by selecting the correct alternative. Assertion (A): People can live with the HIV virus for a long time without serious impact on their health Reason (R): A person's T-cell count officially determines whether that person has AIDS [A] Both A and R are right and R is the correct explanation for A [B] Both A and R are right, but R is not the correct explanation for A [C] A is right but R is wrong [D] Both A and R are wrong


  12. Q. 3 Consider the following statements regarding AIDS 1. Usually, people infected with HIV die due to it. 2. It allows other diseases to attack the body. 3. HIV is caused by it. 4. It also affects animals. Which of the above statements are true, in the context of the passage? [A] 1, 3 and 4 IB] Only 2 [C] 2 and 3 [D] Only 1


  13. Q. 4 Consider the following statements regarding drugs which are used for treating HIV 1. They kill T-helper cells. 2. They remove the fat, protein and sugar from a virus. 3. They do not allow a virus to multiply. 4. They do not allow a vims to infect other cells. Which of the above statements are incorrect, with reference to the passage? [A] Only 2 [B] Only 1 [C] 2 and 3 [D] 1 and 2


  14. Q.5 Consider the following criteria used by the Centre for Disease Control to classify a patient as having AIDS 1. If a person's T-cell count falls below 200 T4 cells. 2. If a person is not getting cured of a disease for a long time. 3. If a person has an HIV-related opportunistic infection. Which of the above criteria are correct, as per the passage? [A] Only 3 [B] 2 and 3 [C] 1 and 3 [D] All of the above


  15. Q.5 Consider the following criteria used by the Centre for Disease Control to classify a patient as having AIDS 1. If a person's T-cell count falls below 200 T4 cells. 2. If a person is not getting cured of a disease for a long time. 3. If a person has an HIV-related opportunistic infection. Which of the above criteria are correct, as per the passage? [A] Only 3 [B] 2 and 3 [C] 1 and 3 [D] All of the above


  16. Thank You