Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Disasters and Disaster Management Presented By Roman Saini
Course Structure B. DM in India 1 Challenges in DM 2. C. Disaster Management 1. DM Framework 2. Phases of DM 3. Pre-Disaster A. Introduction 1. Previous Year DM Act 2005,NDMA Guidelines 2010 DM Institutes in India-NDMA,NDRF,NIDM 4. Emergency Response National Policy on Disaster Management (NPDM) National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP), 2016 Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 Disasters in India during the year 2017 Questions Trend Introduction to Disaster Phenomena 2. 3. 4. 5. management- Phase 1 India 3. Disaster in i.Earthquakes ii. Cyclone li. I sunam v.Floods v.Droughts vi.Landslide System-Phase 2 Recovery-Relief & Rehabilitation-Phase 3 6. Community Based DM 7. Use of Science & 6. Technology in DM vii.Avalanches viii. Industrial Disaster ix.Epidemic 7.
Why Pre- Disaster management is required? Disaster Preparedness facilitates the following processes: Objective Explanation Clarifying Authority, Responsibility and their Relationship Describing as to who is responsible for ensuring that the work gets done, distributing decision-making authority among the team members, and the existing organizational units, as well as establishing formal lines of communication Establishing the Control System Streamlining the line of command and control under a broad preparedness plan Obtaining Resources Obtaining the funds, personnel, supplies and equipment necessary for doing the project activities Establishing Information System Determining the nature of information, which is necessary for carrying out the activities, identifying sources of such information and setting up reporting systems for the project
Objective Explanation Directing and Controlling Motivating project staf executing project activities, and obtaining information for control, and taking corrective action as necessary Monitoring and Evaluation Monitoring the Preparedness Plan from time to time and updating it
Types Of Preparedness of Disaster Preparedness can be described under three specific categories 1) Target-Oriented Preparedness 2) Task-Oriented Preparedness 3) Disaster-Oriented Preparedness 1 Target-Oriented Preparedness Preparedness plans are also target specific, for instance, it may require different types of planning for the vulnerable groups of women, children, elderly and disabled. Livestock would need a specific preparedness plan. Then there could be health preparedness plans, risk reduction preparedness plans and awareness generation plans. 2) Task-Oriented Preparedness Through preparedness planning, communities can assist and support the agencies involved in preparedness to carve out the following tasks:
Mapping and Planning Forming Disaster Task Forces Training of Members of Task Force and other Volunteers Creating Structures for Coordination Promoting Awareness Campaigns Operationalizing Disaster Management Recruiting Personnel for Relief and Distribution Tasks 3) Disaster-Oriented Preparedness Disaster -oriented Preparedness, takes place at two different levels, structural and non-structural. Non-structural preparedness measures include: Administrative and Regulatory Legislation Insurance Schemes Information, Education and Training Community Participation Community Action Groups
Responding to Warning Systems Institution Building Provision of Incentives Creation of Public Awareness Structural Preparedness Measures are proactive and reactive measures. These are used to arrest the adverse impact of disasters. These measures would vary from disaster to disaster.
What are the constraints in disaster preparedness ? There are several constraints in formulation of preparedness measures such as: 1. Traditional outlook 2. Cost worries 3. Mismatched priorities 4. Political issues 5. Developmental problems 6. Burden of local, social and cultural issues 7. Lopsided disaster management activities 8. Public apathy 9. Top-down approach 10. Resource crunch
What are the ways to overcome these constraints ? Some ways of overcoming the constraints are following; 1. Awareness Generation 2. Community Participation 3. Right Prioritization 4. Activating Insurance Schemes 5. Psychological Preparedness 6. Recognizing the Role of Traditional Wisdom 7. Mainstreaming Disaster Related Works 8. Conflict Resolution