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New Towns and Villages
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The arrival of foreigners led to the enrichment of the culture of our land. A lot of changes occurred in the society and in the way of living.

Abhishek Srivastava is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Abhishek Srivastava
GS faculty and subject matter expert | 4 yrs Teaching Exp.| HiStory, Geog. and Polity courses with interrelation, logic & chronology.

Unacademy user
all questions were easy in this shift😜
can someone pls tell where to open the leactures downloaded on unacademy???
sir thank you so much. please make it the next level of necrt 7 to 12 also in common language (English)
Awesome content delivery.
nice coverage you have discriminated towards sudras by not placing their image at the end slide- kidding
Sir thank u for making this course in English . kindly make class 7 to 12 also in english n hindi

  2. Abhishek Srivastava ABOUT ME: Qualified IIT JEE 2006 . Indian maritime University, Kolkata Indian maritime University, Kolkata Marine Engineer .Qualified for UPSC mains twice Got selected in SSC and IBPS twice .GS faculty htp://

  3. Previously.

  4. Provincial Capital Other city/town Pillor edict of Asholk Major Rock Edict of Ashoka Minor Rock Edict of Ashoka SELEUCIO Pushkatay Taxila . EMPIRE OTHER STATES/TRIBES OTHER segala Delhi-Topra" Delhi-Heerut Delhi a Ahicchatra Bairat Shravast. Mathura Sohgaura Louniya Lauriye-Araraj Vaishali Patala Alahabad Gujara Kaushambi Vara Raeg Gutpore Gutore Knushambl Varanas Samath . Champa ardhane Pundravardhana Hahasthan Sahasram Barabar Caves Rupnath mpur Ujjain + Girnar Kundina Dhaul augeda. Sopara Paudanyapura ara Rajula-Mandegini Nitur Yerragudi Macka Pakzunei Svarnagi Suvarnagiri Nttur Gavimath. Udegolam ameshara- degolam nga-Rameshwara magir

  5. Before Christ(B.C 2mn 100001 80001 6000 4000 900 later 800 vedic 700 era Neolithic 3700 3600 2700 PALEOUTHIC Meso lithic 2500 Indus 500 Mahajanapada 1400 MAURYAS 3300 3200 3100 2300 iviliza1300Riedic 300 200 100 Dark Age 1200 era 2100 we are here! 2100 1100 400 Guptas 1400 2400 600 Harsha V1600 700 Prophet 1700 1000 Anno Domio (AD.)

  6. Ashoka Most famous First to make inscriptions Mainly in Prakrit in Brahmi script

  7. SOGDIANA Turfan FERGHANA Kucha CHINA Kashgar BACTRIA PAMIR Bactraurkh otal . West and Central -Shakas (partly) HINDU-KUSH GANDHARA Taxila ARACHOSIA KUSHAN EMPIRE Mathura GEDROSIA Satvahanas 100 BC-300 AD -Vakatakas 300 AD Saketa Pataliputra BarbaricumWESTERN SATRAPS e Ujjain Barygaza Bandhara. Pube / Pratishthana SATAVAHANA Pube EMPIREAmaravati PANDYAN CHOLAS KINGDOM PARN

  8. South India (200BC-200AD) Satavahana empire Cholas -Cheras - Pandyas Maha-Megha-Vahana empire Kongu Chola Chera Pandya .500 AD Ay Chalukyas Pallavas Ruhunas

  9. In the meanwhile Growth of agriculture . New towns Craft production . Trade . New buildings..stupas New buildings.stupas . New routes

  10. Agriculture: IRON TOOLS Iron use started 1000 BC Collections found in Megalithic burial . 500 BC use increased tremendously Axes for clearing forest Iron ploughshare

  11. Villagers At least three kind of people . In tamil (rom sangam) Vellalar (large landowners) Uzhavar ( ordinery ploughmen) Kadaisiyar and Adimai (landless laboureres including slaves)

  12. . Major cities 500BC-Mahajanapada-capital Massive walls fortification r . Ring wells -Row of pots and ceramic rings Arranged on top of one another Used as toilets, garbage dumps,drains* -Usually found in individual houses Remains of palaces, markets and houses hardly found May not have survived (wood/thatch) Sailors and travellers account

  13. Coins Wealth was measurd through it . Several thousand coins foun . Punch marked coins -Earliest coins - in circulation for 500 years -Design punched on silver or copper

  14. Barter system . Also followed . White paddy to exchange for salt Transported in carts Traders sometimes took whole amily with him . Salt produced in plenty along coast Salt produced in plenty along coast

  15. Mathura Multiple functions of cities . Important since 500 BC Located at cross road of travel and trade (NW-E and N-S) INDIAN RAILWAYS MATHURA>HOWRAH) CHAMBAL EXPRESS MPORTANT HALTS GWALIORHOWRAH . Fortification and shrines MATHURA Fine sculpture produced Farmers and herders around it provided food

  16. Next.. Traders, kings and pilgrims