NCERT CLASS VI HISTORY COMPLETE SUMMARY FOR UPSC CSE ASPIRANTS Traders Kings and Pilgrims By Abhishek Srivastava
Abhishek Srivastava ABOUT ME: Qualified IIT JEE 2006 . Indian maritime University, Kolkata Marine Engineer Qualified for UPSC mains twice Got selected in SSC and IBPS twice . GS faculty https://unacademy.com/user/abhishek6077
Villagers At least three kind of people . In tamil (rom sangam) Vellalar (large landowners) Uzhavar ( ordinery ploughmen) -Kadaisiyar and Adimai (landless laboureres including slaves)
Cities stories /travellers/sculpture/archeology Stories . Sculpture Jatakas -scenes depicting peoples Composed by ordinery people Written by Buddhist monk *clever poor man life in cities/villages/forest -Used to decorate buildings pillarsrailings gateways
Before Christ(B.C 2mn 100001 80001 6000 4000 900 later 800 vedic 700 era Neolithic 3700 3600 2700 PALEOUTHIC Meso lithic 2500 Indus 500 Mahajanapada 1400 MAURYAS 3300 3200 3100 2300 iviliza1300Riedic 300 200 100 Dark Age 1200 era 2100 we are here! 2100 1100 400 Guptas 1400 2400 600 Harsha V1600 700 Prophet 1700 1000 Anno Domio (AD.)
How to find about trade and traders NBPW found at several sites throughout the continent..crried by traders South India -Gold -Spices . Pepper called Black gold in Roman empire Precious stones Traded by ships and carvan (lands)
Lots of Roman gold coins found in South India . Mentioned in Sangam poems Several sea routes Along the coast Crossed Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal (monsoon) . Required strong ships
New kingdoms along the coast . South India South India Long coastline Satavahana empire - Hills & plateaus Maha-Megha-Vahana empire river valleys..kaveri basin most fertile Kongu Chola Kings controlling them Chera became rich and powerful Pandya Ay Ruhunas
.Muvendar - In Sangam text Satavahana empire Meaning three chiefs -Refers to heads of three ruling Maha-Megha-Vahana empire families Kongu . Cholas Chola Cheryas Chera Pandyas Pandvas Pandya Became powerful in 300 BC Ay Ruhunas
SOGDIANA FERGHANAO Satavahanas (100 AD) became popular -Gautamiputra Shri satkarini ACTNIA PAMIR HINDU KUSH GANDHAKA ARACHOSIA KUSHAN EMPIRE uti . Inscription by Gautami Balashri eRosu Were called lords of Dakshinapatha Sent his army for southern western and eastern conquests.. GEDROSIA WESTERN Vidisa GATRAPS Baryge Kundina Champa SATAVAHANA EMPIRE Amaravati PANDYAN CHOLAS KINGDOM CHOLAS
Kanishka...organised a Buddhist Council . Scholar meeting for discussions They had started writing in Sanskrit . Ashvaghosh Poet in his court Wrote Buddhas biography Buddhacharitra
Gandhara school Mathura school
Buddhism also spread to southern and western India Dozens of caves were hollowed out for mon Made on the orders of kings and queens,merchants and farmers Often near passes of Western Ghats...why?
Buddhism also spread South East to Sri Lanka Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia etc.. Theravada Buddhism (earlier form ) more popular here ITALY CASPIAN SEA GRECE BASIN O Petra CHINA GREEKS YTBIANS BUDDHISM ARABIA 30SATRAPS Mera.. AVA AETHIOPIA CYENEUM AFRICA AZANIA ERYTHRAEAN SEA INDIAN OCEAN) LEGEND EXTENT OF BUDDHISM AND TRADE ROUTES in the 1st century CE COUNTRIES
a poem by Bhakta .. Riches learning and high status do not guarantee close relation with deity Composed in Tamil by Appar, who was vellala (devotee of Shiva)
Christianity . After 1 AD christianity emerged in West Asia Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem ,part of Roman empire . Christ teachings were that he was the saviour of the world . Spread love . Christians of Kerala called Syrian Christians came from West Asia
Next.. New empires and Kingdom...a.
GS faculty and subject matter expert | 4 yrs Teaching Exp.| HiStory, Geog. and Polity courses with interrelation, logic & chronology.