ARCHITECTURE IN MEDIEVAL INDIA INDO ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE
Jahangir During the reign of Jahangir, architecture took a back seat as he focused more on paintings and other forms of art. However, he oversaw the construction of some noteworthy monuments including Akbar's tomb in Sikandra. He also built his own tomb at Lahore. Further, he developed a number of gardens during his reign, e.g. the Shalimar Bagh in Kashmir. He also built the Moti Masjid at Lahore.
Shah Jahan Under Shah Jahan, Mughal architecture reached its climax. Some of his principal works are described: Taj Mahal e Taj Mahal is the finest specimen of Mughal architecture, exhibiting e It was constructed in the memory of Arzuman Bano Begum or e lt had all the features of Mughal architecture including the use of the full range of grandeur and opulence Mumtaz Mahal. calligraphy, pietra dura works, foresightening technique, Charbagh style gardens and the use of water in the premises for decoration.
Apart from this, some of the unique features of Taj Mahal are: The jaali work in Taj Mahal is lace like and extremely fine. The carvings on the marble were low relief. Apart from Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan constructed a number of other monuments, gardens and buildings such as: . Red Fort in Delhi Jama Masjid in Delhi Shalimar Bagh in Lahore City of Shahjahanabad Besides such large scale constructions, one of his finest works was the construction of Peacock Throne that is one of the finest examples of metal work in this period.
Aurangzeb During the reign of Aurangzeb, Mughal architecture declined. Being a puritanical, he didn't take an active interest in the pursuit of art and architecture,
Muhammad Azam Shah He was the last of the Mughals to undertake architectural constructions. He built Biwi-ka-Maqbara in memory of his mother Begum Rabia Durani, wife of Aurangzeb. lt is situated in Aurangabad and has been described as a poor imitation of Taj Mahal He also built Zinat Mahal in Delhi in memory of his wife. Taj Mahal Bibi Ka Maqbara
Sikh Style Sikh style of architecture developed in the region of modern day Punjab. It was heavily influenced by the Mughal style of architecture. Some of the features of the Sikh school are: The use of multiple Chhatris or kiosks on the top of the construction . Use of shallow cornices. e The buildings had fluted domes, which were generally covered by brass and copper guilds for decoration and support. The arches were decorated by the use of numerous foliations. Example: Shri Harmandir Sahib or Golden temple. It was initiated in 1585 and completed by Arjan Dev in 1604.
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