ARCHITECTURE IN MEDIEVAL INDIA INDO ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE
Provincial Schools of Architecture During this period, the Indo-lslamic style started to influence the local architectural styles as well. Bengal, Bijapur, Jaunpur and Mandu became important seats of architectural development.
Bengal School The Bengal school of architecture was characterised in its use of bricks and black Marble. The mosques built during this period continued the use of sloping 'Bangla roofs', which was previously used for temples. Examples: Qadam Rasul mosque in Gaur, Adina mosque in Pandua, etc.
Malwa School The cities of Dhar and Mandu in the Malwa plateau became prominent seats of architecture. The most prominent feature of the buildings here is the use of different coloured stones and marbles. The buildings had large windows, which could be as result of European influence and were decorated by a stylised use of arches and pillars. Even the stairs were used to enhance the aesthetics of the construction. However, minars were not used in this school of architecture
The Malwa School of architecture, also known as the Pathan School e is also one of the finest specimens of environmental of architectur adaptation of the period because of the following features The use of large windows made the buildings and rooms well ventilated. The pavilions were lightly arched which made them airy and allowed the buildings to remain cool in the heat. Artificial reservoirs known as 'baulis' were constructed in the premises for storage of water. . Locally available materials were used The use of batter system introduced by the Tughlaqs made the buildings strong. Example: Raani Roopmati pavilion, Jahaz Mahal,Ashrafi Mahal etc.
Dropping anchor a Mandu
Jaunpur School o Patronised by the Sharqi rulers, Jaunpur became a centre of great art and cultural activity. e This style of architecture also came to be known as Sharqi style and also avoided the use of minars, as the Pathan style. A unique feature of the buildings here is the use of bold and forceful characters painted on huge screens in the centre and side bays of the prayer hall. Example: Atala Mosque, Jaunpur etc.
Bijapur School Under the patronage of Adil Shah, the Bijapur style or the Deccan style of architecture developed. He constructed a number of mosques, tombs and palaces which were unique in the use of 3-arched facade and bulbous dome, which were almost spherical and with a narrow neck. He also introduced the use of cornices.A special feature of the Bijapur school was the treatment of its ceilings, which were without any apparent support. Iron clamps and a strong plaster of mortar were used to give strength to the buildings. The walls were decorated by rich carvings. e Example: Gol Gumbaj, the mausoleum of Adil Shah, in Bijapur
BSC life science ( Ramjas college DU) cleared CDS 4 times never let hopes down :) let's work hard together !