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Part-04 Mental Methods inductive and Deductive methods. analysis method, synthesis method etc By Himanshi Singh
18. Inductive Method - Given by Aristotle, usually called the scientific method. - In inductive method, we use our intuition, after observing many examples, and draw a general formula. - It is the most natural way of learning by going concrete to abstract thinking or known to unknown thinking -E.g. try to guess, how we know that black clouds bring rain. - Promotes Divergent thinking.
19. Deductive Method Aristotle invented this. In this method, a learner learns the general formulae, laws and principles first and then applies it on various relative specific examples. Here teacher goes from general to specific. It saves time and energy of the learner. Promotes Convergent thinking.
20, ANALYSIS METHOD In this method, teacher divides the problem into different parts orn the basis of its nature and aspects, then he teaches each of these segments one by one. In this method we go unknown to known or from conclusion to hypothesis This method goes ahead along with discovery or heuristic methods. Helpful in various topics of History also
21. Synthesis method Combining small pieces into one and large form in such a manner that some new conclusions can be drawn. -In this method we go from known to unknown and from hypothesis to conclusion. Teacher presents small pieces of information before his students one by one and then he asks them to draw conclusion on the basis of these information. e.g. helpful in teaching geometry.
22. Brain storming Method Brain storming is a group creativity technique by which efforts are made to find a conclusion for a specific problem by gathering a list of ideas spontaneously contributed by its members. The term was popularized by Alex Faickney Osborn in the 1953 in his book Applied Imagination. -The assumption of this method is that the whole group can give more ideas than a person Through this method, not only the thinking power of students can be developed but new ideas can also be inculcated in them.
Encourage your tudents to speak out Showyou what your students already know Encourage your students to share ideas Brains torming can Gve you feedback on what risconceptions Help your students groupwork skills ur student s have Irrprove your students confidence ncourage youu students to le arn from each other
Se yout own constant" -Himanshi Singh