Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
LORD WILLINGDON AND THE GOI ACT 1935 BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
ABOUT ME . BA (Hons.) in History from Lady Shri Ram .MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University Love to teach, read and dance
CONTENTS LORD READING LORD IRWIN LORD WILLINGDON GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ACT 1935 RESPONSE TO THE ACT
LORD READING 1921-1926 . Chauri Chaura Incident (1922) .Moplah rebellion in Kerela Repeal of Press Act of 1910 and the Rowlatt Act of 1919 . Many communal riots . Kakori train robbery (1925) . Establishment of Swaraj Party Simultaneous exam for civil services in London and Delhi (1923 onwards)
LORD IRWIN 1926-1931 . Simon Commission in India (1928) Nehru Report Many revolutionary activities like the murder of policeman Sunders and the bomb blast in the Central Legislative Assembly Purna Swaraj resolution at the Lahore session of the Congress (1929) Dandi march,first phase of cil disobedience movement . Dandi march, first phase of civil disobedience movement First Round Table Conference Gandhi-Irwin Pact
LORD WILLINGDON 1931-1936 Second and Third Round Table Conference Second phase of the Civil Disobedience Movement Communal Award and the Poona Pact Government of India Act 1935 Burma separated from India (1935)
GOI ACT 1935 . The Act was very lengthy and detailed, with 321 Sections and 10 Schedules At the Federal Level, the Act proposed the setting up of an Indian federation with the British Indian state and the princely states. As the princely states refused to join, the proposed federation never came into being. The Central Government continued to work under the aegis of the Gol Act 1919.
GOI ACT 1935 The legislative subjects division of central, concurrent and provincial list was maintained. Dyarchy (reserved and transferred subjects) was to be maintained at the centre but this provision was never enforced. The residual powers rested with the governor-general. The governor general was the chief executive authority. S/ he could act in his individual judgement in the discharge of his special responsibilities for the security and tranquility of India. S/he could restore cuts in grants, certify bills rejected by the legislature, issue ordinances and exercise his veto
GOI ACT 1935 .Executive councillors were not responsible to the legislature, but the ministers were responsible to the legislature. The Federal Assembly could move a no-confidence motion against the ministers The bicameral legislature was to continue having 2 houses, upper house (Council of State: directly elected) and lower house (Federal Assembly: indirectly elected, 5 year tenure) . The Federal Assembly would have representatives from the Britian Indian provinces and the princely states Religion and class based electorates continued 80% of the budget remained unvotable.
GOI ACT 1935 .The Council of India, stated by the Gol Act 1858 was abolished. Instead the Secretary of State was provided with a team of advisers Franchise was extended to about 10%-14% of the total population . A Federal Public Service Commission, a Provincial Public Service Commission and a Joint Public Service Commission were also provided for. It provided for the establishment of a Federal Court, which was set up in 1937, and for the Reserve Bank of India.
RESPONSE TO THE ACT The Act had too many safeguards that blocked a proper functioning of legislative and executive autonomy Franchise was still restricted. The communal electorate extension promoted separatist tendencies of India. Right of amendment was reserved with the British Parliament. Thus, there was no possibility of growth.