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Chelmsford and the Mont Ford Reforms of 1919
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This lesson talks about Lord Chelmsford and the Government of India Act of 1919.

Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Nandini Maharaj
MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University, BA (Hons.) History from LSR, reader, dancer, love to teach, AIR 42 in 2018 UPSC

U
Unacademy user
sir learning principles ke bad ke chapter
A little correction that Bomb at Hardinge's carriage was thrown by Rashbehari 'Bose' and Not 'Ghosh'
Rashbihari bose - Delhi conspiracy case
  1. LORD CHELMSFORD AND THE MONT-FORD REFORMS BY NANDINI MAHARAJ


  2. ABOUT ME . BA (Hons.) in History from Lady Shri Ram .MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University Love to teach, read and dance


  3. CONTENTS . LORD HARDINGE II LORD CHELMSFORD MONTAGUE'S STATEMENT MONT-FORD REFORMS


  4. LORD HARDINGE II 1910-1916 Bengal Presidency created (1911) . Capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi (1911) Delhi Durbar for coronation of King George V (1911) MK Gandhi returns to India


  5. LORD HARDINGE II . Beginning of first world war, and the participation of the British Indian Army in it Delhi Conspiracy case (1912: plot to assassinate the Viceroy, by Rashbehari Ghosh and Sachin Sanyal. Homemade bomb thrown at Hardinge's carriage at Chandini Chowk.) . Hindu Mahasabha established by Madan Mohan Malviya (1915) . Benaras Hindu University (1916)


  6. LORD CHELMSFORD . 1916-1921 . 1916: Home Rule Leagues formed by Besant and Tilak Lucknow Pact Foundation of Sabarmati Ashram . Gandhiji's three early satyagraha


  7. LORD CHELMSFORD Montague's August Declaration Government of India Act 1919 The Rowlatt Act Jallianwala Bath Massacre . Non-Cooperation Khilafat Movement


  8. MONTAGUE'S STATEMENT . August 1917 . Declaration of gradual development of self- government . But no specific timeframe given Government monopoly on deciding the nature of self government retained 1918: Mont-Ford reforms announced [Montague was SoS Chelmsford was Viceroy]


  9. GOI ACT 1919: MAIN FEATURES AT THE PROVINCIAL LEVEL 1. Introduction of Dyarchy for the executive at the provincial level Executive councillors and popular ministers to administer provinces Governor the exec head


  10. GOI ACT 1919: MAIN FEATURES 2. Division of subjects into reserved and transferred . Reserved subjects: administered by the governor through the executive councillors (important subjects like finance, revenue included) . Transferred subjects: administered by ministers nominated from the legistalative council. (Subjects like health, education etc included)


  11. LD. @ GOI ACT 1919: MAIN FEATURES AT THE CENTRAL LEVEL 6. Bicameral legislature introduced Lower House/Central Legislative Assembly (3 year tenure) Upper House/Council of pass adjournment motions, vote on a part of the budget State (5 year tenure) 7. Legislatures could ask questions and supplementaries, (75% budget still unvotable)