Course :- Holistic Coverage of Kisan Issues Lesson 3:- Problems and Solutions - Land Holdings and Irrigation Presented by Nithin Kunneparambil
2. Irrigation Irrigation in India State of Indian Agriculture 2015-16, India has a net sown area of around 140 million hectares (2012-13) of which around 66.10 million (around 47%) is under Irrigation 24% 16% 3% 46% . Which means 53% rainfed. :car alswells : Tube We Tanks Other Wells Other Sources
The report recommends: . A comprehensive set of reforms to enable farmers to have sustained and equitable access to water. . Increase water supply through rainwater harvesting and recharge of the aquifer should become mandatory. "Million Wells Recharge" programme, specifically targeted at private wells should be launched Substantial increase in investment in irrigation sector under the 11th Five Year Plan apportioned between large surface water systems; minor irrigation and new schemes for groundwater recharge.
Government Scheme - PMKSY . We had several schemes earlier - like ACCELERATED IRRIGATION BENEFIT PROGRAM, INTEGRATED WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME, FARM WATER MGMT. Earlier LAUNCHED under Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers's Welfare then in 2016 it was changed to WATER RESOURCES MIN
Objectives Eogyeron dnvesfments in imigation @Farm level and provide .HAR KHET KO PANI Integration of Source disbn, efficient use of water thru appropriate tech . Enhance adoption of precision irrigation and other water saving technologies under more crop per drop Promotion of micro irrigation in form of drops, sprinklers, pivots, rain guns in farm JAL SINCHAN . Enhance recharge of aquifers promote sustainable water res. I-Enhance the physical acces to farm
Some more details Project mode with District Irigation plans .75 :25 funding scheme between Centre and States. In special category status States :- 90: 10 Bigger question about the idea of TIED FUNDS.
Course :- Holistic Coverage of Kisan Issues Lesson 4:- Problems and Solutions Productivity Presented by Nithin Kunneparambil
Per Hectare Productivit Crop MaizeGroundnut Sugarcane 1667 4880 Paddy 2929 6321 6414 6622 4261 Wheat 2583 3969 India China Japan SA Indonesia Canada Vietnam 913 2799 2336 3038 1523 68012 85294 2872 8398 2646 7974 4313 80787 2591 3845 2711 1336 65689
Pathways to productivity - ES2016 Irrigation :- Already Discussed . Mechanization :- Rural to Urban Migration, Feminization . Mechanization less than 50% Tractor Rentals . Quality of Seeds :-Accounts to 20-25% of Productivity Affordability :- High Yield Seeds depends on the market Availability: Shortage of seeds, Certified seeds alone wont solve problems . We need more Private competition in Market. Research: BioTechnology and Genetic Engineering
. Fertilizer Critical and expensive input. -Fertilizer subsidy-10% of total Agricultural Subsidy. DBT method of fertilizer Subsidy Nutrient based subsidy based on requirement. . Soil Health and Fertility status. Micro Nutrients needs to be managed to increase productivity . Pesticides:-10-15% loss due to pest attacks Integrated pest control methods using Bio techniques, Chemical, etc.
Agriculture extension services Timely advisory to farmers to adopt best practices, technology, market info etc. . Some techniques like KVK, ISRO e Centres, Mobile Apps, KISAN TV etc.
MSS Recommendations Substantial increase in public investment in agriculture related infrastructure particularly in irrigation, drainage, land development, water conservation, research development and road connectivity etc. . A national network of advanced soil testing laboratories with facilities for detection of micronutrient deficiencies .Promotion of conservation farming, which will help farm families to conserve and improve soil health, water quantity and quality and biodiversity.
Course : - Holistic Coverage of Kisan Issues Lesson 5:- Problems and Solutions Credit and Insurance Presented by Nithin Kunneparambil
The PUNJAB Experience - FISHY !!! In PB 1 crore acres of cultivated land and the short-term credit required per season at the recommended rate of Rs. 22,000 per acre . On this base, it is estimated that Rs. 22,000 crore is needed, whereas the crop loans outstanding of all banks were around 63,000 crore While there are around 20 lakh farmers in the state, all banks together have issued 40 lakh Kisan Credit Cards. Farmers would need money for other purposes like education of children etc, but that doesn't justify disproportionate agricultural loans
Agricultural Credit Enable farmer to purchase inputs , help improve productivity -Local and money lender-25% of money Credit penetration low in North East and Eastern India . Issues of Collaterals Examples from MadhyaPradesh - Mamaji!
Recommendation from MSS . Expand the outreach of the formal credit system to reach the really poor and needy. . Moratorium on debt recovery, including loans from non-institutional sources, and waiver of . Establish an Agriculture Risk Fund to provide relief to farmers in the aftermath of successive Reduce rate of interest for crop loans to 4 per cent simple, with government support. interest on loans in distress hotspots and during calamities, till capability is restored. natural calamities. .Issue Kisan Credit Cards to women farmers, with joint pattas as collateral .Develop an integrated credit-cum-crop-livestock-human health insurance package. .Expand crop insurance cover to cover the entire country and all crops, with reduced premiums and create a Rural Insurance Development Fund to tak up development work for spreading rural insurance . Promote sustainable livelihoods for the poor by improving (i) Finan ial services (ii) Infrastructure ii) Investments in human developmenf, agriculture and business developmenf services including.productivity enhancement, loc l value addition, and alternate market linkages) and iv) Institufional devel pment services (forming and strengthening producers' organisations such as'self-help groups and water user associations)
Government Initiatives Setting up a series of Banks -RRB, NABARD, SMALL FINANCE BANKS, PAYMENT BANKS, MicroFinance banks, SHGs -RBI mandated that 25% of Banks to be in Unbanked rural areas .Kisan Credit Card, JAN DHAN YOJANA Financial inclusion Interest subvention scheme for crop loans upto Rs 3Lakhs with .nterest @7% and 3% subvention for regular payment. . PSL @ 10 % for small (1-2Ht), and 8% for marginal (Upto 1 Ht) Agriculture incomes expemted from income tax.
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana Comprehensive converage insurance against crop loss. . Compulsory for people opting for crop loans for notified crops in notified area and voluntary for non loanee. No upper limit on government subsidy. Losses covered include Non preventables like natural fire, storm, hailstorms, cyclones. Cluster approach of group of districts to accertain the risk profile. . Use of Remote sensing, Smart Phone, Drone for quick estimation. . Premium rate Rabi (1.5%), Kharif (2%) and Horticulture (5%)