NATIONAL TALENT SEARCH EXAMINATION (NTSE) SOCIAL SCIENCE (HISTORY) (INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION) BY: SUDESHNA MOHAPATRA
INTRODUCTION TO INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Industrial Revolution, in modern history, the process of change from an agrarian and handicraft economy to one dominated by industry and machine manufacturing.
MAIN FEATURES OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION. . The use of new basic materials, chiefly iron and steel. The use of new energy sources including both fuels and motive power, such as coal, the steam engine, electricity, petroleum.
The invention of new machines, such as the spinning jenny and the power loom that permitted increased production with a smaller expenditure of human energy. .A new organization of work known as the factory system, which entailed increased division of labour and specialization of function. . Important developments in transportation and communication, including the steam locomotive, steamship, automobile, airplane, telegraph, and radio.
NON-INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENTS . Agricultural improvements that made possible the provision of food for a larger nonagricultural population. Economic changes that resulted in a wider distribution of wealth.
Land was no more a source of income. Currency came into work . Political changes reflecting the shift in economic power, as well as new state policies corresponding to the needs of an industrialized society There was growth of cities, new working class was developed
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