Quasif Ansari is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION
Important Sites of Indus Valley Civilization Harappa It was founded in the year 1921 by Mr. DayaramSahani. It is situated near the Sahiwal district of Pakistan on the banks of the river Ravi. The Great Granary was found here measuring 169 feet X 35 feet. A naked sandstone torso was found which also gives the traces of the Jainism. Stone symbols of female genitals Single room barrack
Mohenjo-Daro com It was founded in the year 1922 by Mr. R.D Banerjee. It is situated in the Larkana district of Pakistan on the banks of river Indus It is derived from the Sindhi word which means the "Mound of the Dead" The Great Bath was found here, Multi pillared assembly hall A piece of woven cloth Stamp/Seal with the image of the PashupatiMahadev Statue of the bearded man Evidence of direct trade relations with the Mesopotamia Civilization
Mohenjodaro was the most advanced city of the Indus Valley Civilization the roads were wide and straight and were 33 feet wide. The roads run in the North- South direction and the other roads run in the East- West direction and they both cut each other at right angles.
Kalibanga It was founded in the year 1953 by Mr AmlananaGhoslh It was situated near the Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan on the banks of the river Ghaggar The word Kalibanga means the Black Bangles The ploughed field at Kalibanga is the most important discovery of that time. Wooden wheel was found here which also gives the proof that the people of Kalibanga use the bullock carts Bones of camels are found here The tiled floor was found here which has the design of intersecting of circles Human head with long oval eyes and thick lower Two types of burial was found here Burials in the circular and rectangular grave
Chanhu-Daro It was founded in the year 1931 by M.G.Majumdar Ch lanudaro was situated on the eastern side of river Indus in the Sindh province of Pakistan Chanudharo has three different cultural layers Indus Culture, Jhukar Culture and Jhangar Culture. It was the only site in the Indus Valley Civilization without the Citadel. During the excavations a small pot, bullock carts and ekkas, foot prints of the elephant and the dog chasing the cat.
Lothal It was founded in the year 1957 by S.R. Rao It is situated near the Gulf of Khambatt in Gujarat. An artificial dockyard was found here. It was the most important port city of the Indus Valley Civilization Boat made up of Terracotta was found here which gives the traces that they have the trade relations with the other civilizations of the world Evidence of rice was found here as the rice granary was found at Rangpur near Ahemadabad in Gujarat A terracotta statue of horse was found here Seal which has the design of the ship A printed jar which resembles the story of the cunning fox which is also mentioned in the Panchtnatra A compass like measuring instrument was found which can measure the angles of 180 , 90 and 45'
Evidence of double burial was found i.e. male and female were found in the single grave which also gives the traces of Sati practice. Evidence of chess like game