Quasif Ansari is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION
The Indu s Valley Civilization is one of the oldest civilization of the world along with the Mesopotamia Civilization in Iraq and Ancient Egypt Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization is also known as the Harappan Civilization as Harappa was the first and the most important site if the Indus Valley Civilization, The Indus Valley Civilization was spread in 12 60,000 sq.kms which includes whole Pakistan some parts of India, Afghanistan and Iran (Persia) The materials which were found during the excavations and on the basis of the radio-carbon dating it is believed that Indus Valley Civilization was spread from the year 2500-1750 B.C The first site which was discovered was Harappa which discovered by Dr. D.R. Sahani in the year 1921 on the banks of the river Ravi and Mohanjodaro in the year 1922 by R.D. Banerjee on the banks of the river Indus. Sir John Marshall played important role in both the excavations
Indus Valley Civilization fo Histo rms the part of the Proto ry of India and belongs to the Bronze Age. The population of the Indus Valley Civilization consists of the Mediterranean, Proto-Australoid, and Mongoloids. The use of Gold, Silver, Copper and Bronze was there but the use of Iron was completely unknown.
Important Sites of Indus Valley Civilization Harappa- Daya Ram Sahani 1921 Mohanjodaro- R.D. Banerjee-1922 Amri- M.G. Majumdar-1929 Chanhudaro- M.G.Majumdar-1931 Kalibanga- Amlanand Ghosh-195:3 Lothal- S.R. Rao-1957 Banwali- R.S. Bisht-1973 Surkotada- Jagat Pal Joshi-1964 Dholavira- Jagat Pal Joshi- 1967 Ropar- Y.D.Sharma- 1953 Rangpur- M.S. Vats- 1931