Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Human Values: Definition & Essence By Dr. Roman Saini
unacademy Home Roman Explore Plus a search Courses, Topics & Educators 0 minutes today UPSC CSE 30. hours of live sessions everyday plus Structured courses in English and Hindi R 25 top educators KID New courses pubilished every month Learn more Get subscription O Prior Plus courses Topics SEE ALL Practice & Strategy International Geography History Current affairs Polity CSAT- Paper II 12 courses 0 courses 6 courses 5 courses
unacademy Explore search Corm. Topics & Educadors 0 minutes today Roman O Home Plus Educators SEE ALL Ayussh Sanghi @w4 71.ire minutes Jatin Verma Mrunal Patel 52k uve minutes Aartee Mishra Mudit Gupta r7h live minutes Deepika Reddy Maghan Arpita Sharma s4k iive minutes 25k ive minutes 17k1ive minutes Geography Complete course on Indian Geography Letton . Today, 1:00 p Complete Course on Physical Complete Course on Physi Comprehensive Course on Geography Optional for UPSc 2019 asson 2 Today 0:00 PM Rzwan Md ess2 Today, 100PM Lssaan . Today, 2:30 PM Vinita Dev
What are 'Values'? Values regulate and quide human behaviour and action in our day to daily life Values are embedded in every word we select and speak, what we wear, ways in which we interact, our perceptions and interpretation of others reactions in what we say and so on. Values are formed on the basis of interests, choices, needs, desires, and preferences. These comprise the center of the value formation Values have a selective or directional quality. .
When preferences acquire certain definiteness, intensity, and stability, these become the criteria for judgement, choices, action and grounds for decision-making in behaviour. The value thus is considered to be an enduring belief upon which human beings act by preferences Values involve the following three processes of 1. Thinking 2. Knowing/understanding feelings 3. Action . . .
People's action often gives us clues as to what they value. If we try noticing what a person does in spare time when he or she is not being obliged to do a particular activity, we may get some ideas about what he/she values. Generally, value refers to the 'desirable'. However, it is difficult, to define what is desirable, what kind of things/actions are good. What is desirable today may not be a desirable tomorrow and what is desirable here may not desirable elsewhere. Desirable is when our actions promote the general good in terms of the norms and ideals of a particular society, and in terms of the consequences of our practices and activities.
Values guide us, not just in action, but also in planning and goal-setting. In other words, values are ideas that quide us in action. In this way, they are similar to plans, goals, fears, intentions, policies, etc, and the like. A person explains most of their actions by using their values. For example, the value like o Honesty as an aspect of Truth; o Compassion as an expression of Love; o Contentment as a form of Peace Courage as an example of Right Conduct, and Appreciation of other cultures as a demonstration of Non-Violence. o o
Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Value Intrinsic value has traditionally been thought to lie at the heart of ethics. The intrinsic value of something is said to be the value that thing has "in itself." or "for its own sake." or "as such." or "in its own right." . . In other words, such values are called intrinsic or eternal values which are good in themselves and in their own right and are not the means for something else. Values like truth, contentment, happiness, peace, beauty, love, friendship, cooperation, freedom etc. are considered intrinsic values. Extrinsic value is a value that is not intrinsic.
Different Value Functions Spiritual Values- It's deepen contentment; like peace, etc. Physical value- It's enhance wellbeing; like good health etc. intellectual value-Its raise attainment, like knowledge etc. Emotional value- It's heightened self-efficacy; like compassion, sympathy, love etc. . . Social value- It's enrich ed relationships;like cooperation, freedom etc.
Values vs Norms Values are sometimes confused with norms The term 'norm' is used for a relatively specific pattern of expected behaviour and is obligatory. . But value is a considered matter of one's choice. For example, discipline is a value which could be adopted in every sphere of human activity but not everyone may follow it. Once a particular value is internalized by the person it becomes a norm for that person in making judgement, preferences or a choice.
When there is a disconnection between stated and operating values, it may be difficult to determine what is "right." . I1 An example might be a company that has among its stated values to treat everyone with dignity and respect, but whose norms have permitted and perhaps even encouraged a pattern of gender biases or discrimination over a number of years. Do those in the organization know that the behavior is wrong, but condone it nevertheless? . This is a matter of compatibility between values and norms of that organization. .