Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Human Values: Core Ethical Values & Constitutional Values By Dr. Roman Saini
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2. Respect Respect is about honouring the essential worth and dignity of all people, including oneself. We are morally obligated to treat everyone with respect, regardless of who they are and what they have done. We have a responsibility to be the best we can be in all situations, even when dealing with unpleasant people. Respect focuses on: Civility, Courtesy, and Decency . . .
3. Responsibility Being responsible means being in charge of our choices and therefore our lives as life is full of choices. . t means being accountable for what we do and who we are. It also means recognizing that what we do, and what we don't do matters. . Responsibility comprises the Accountability, Pursuit of Excellence, Diligence, Perseverance, Continuous Improvement and Self-Restraint. .
4. Fairness Fairness is a complex concept. . Disagreeing parties tend to maintain that there is only one fair position their own. But while some situations and decisions are clearly unfair, fairness usually refers to a range of morally justifiable outcomes rather than the discovery of one fair answer. It focuses on the following three factors; . . 1. Process 2. Impartiality 3. Equity
5. Caring . Caring is the heart of ethics. It is scarcely possible to be truly ethical and not genuinely concerned with the welfare of others That is because ethics is ultimately about our responsibilities toward other people Sometimes we must hurt those we care for and some decisions, while quite ethical, do cause pain. But one should consciously cause no more harm than is reasonably necessary. . .
6. Citizenship The concept of citizenship includes how we ought to behave as part of a community or a society or a nation. The good citizen knows the laws and obeys them but they also volunteer and stay informed on the issues of the day. Citizens do more than their "fair" share to make society work, now and for future generations. Citizenship can have many expressions, such as conserving resources, recycling, using public transportation, protecting the environment, cleaning up litter etc. . . . .
The Indian Constitutional Values In the Preamble of our Constitution, itself the Constitution lays down four universal values: 1. JUSTICE, social, economic and political; 2. LIBERTY of thoughts, expression, belief, faith, and worship; 3. EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all; FRATERNITY, assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation. 4.
Justice & Liberty Justice ensures that the freedom of one does not become tyranny for another. The Justice to be truly meaningful needs sharing of power, compassion towards underprivileged and empathy towards the disadvantage Liberty of thought and action is a fundamental value embedded in our Constitution It is the basis for creativity and exploration of new ideas and experiments that can advance social progress. .
Equality & Fraternity Equality is another value enshrined in the Constitution . Freedom and justice remain mere words if equality is not ensured . It implies freedom from exploitation and ensuring to provide opportunities for an individual's development, irrespective of the background, gender, cultural or socio-economic identity, and status. Fraternity is at the heart of school, society, and nation. Understanding the importance of fraternity or solidarity and the knowledge that we all belong to a large community, a nation, and the world is also to discover our innate humanity. .