NATIONAL MOVEMENT (1905-18) Presented By- Shiv Kumcr
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Revolutionary Activities Abroad .Shyamji Krishnavarma had started in London in 1905 an Indian Home Rule Society-'India House'-as a centre for Indian students and a journal The Indian Sociologist. Revolutionaries .Savarkarr and Hardayal became the members of India House Madanlal Dhingra from this circle assassinated the India office bureaucrat Curzon-Wyllie in 1909.
The Ghadr The Ghadr Party was a revolutionary group organised around a weekly newspaper The Ghadr with its headquarters at San Francisco revolutionaries included mainly ex-soldiers and peasants who had migrated from the Punjab to the USA and Canada in search of better employment opportunities. . Pre-Ghadr revolutionary activity had been carried on by Ramdas Puri, G.D. Kumar, Taraknath Das, Sohan Singh Bhakna and Lala Hardayal who reached there in 1911 . the earlier activists had set up a 'Swadesh Sevak Home' at Vancouver and 'United India House' at Seattle. Finally in 1913, the Ghadr was established.
. The moving spirits behind the Ghadr Party were Lala Hardayal, Ramchandra, Bhagwan Singh, Kartar Singh Saraba, Barkatullah, and Bhai Parmanand .The Ghadrites intended to bring about a revolt in India. Their plans were encouraged by two events in 1914-- the Komagata Maru incident and the outbreak of the First World War. Evaluation of Ghadr The achievement of the Ghadr movement lay in the realm of ideology. It preached militant nationalism with a completely secular approach. politically and militarily, it failed to achieve much because it lacked an organised and sustained leadership, underestimated the extent of preparation required at every level-organisational, ideological,
Revolutionaries in Europe *The Berlin Committee for Indian Independence was established in 1915 by Virendranath Chattopadhyay, Bhupendranath Dutta, Lala Hardayal and others with the help of the German foreign office under 'Zimmerman Plan' . aimed to mobilise the Indian settlers abroad to send volunteers and arms to India to incite rebellion among Indian troops there and to even organise an armed invasion of British India to liberate the country Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh, Barkatullah and Obaidullah Sindhi went to Kabul to organise a 'provisional Indian government' there with the help of the crown prince, Amanullah
Mutiny in Singapore scattered mutinies during this period, the most notable was in Singapore on February 15, 1915 by Punjabi Muslim 5th Light Infantry and the 36th Sikh battalion under Jamadar Chisti Khan, Jamadar Abdul Gani and Subedar Daud Khan Decline temporary respite in revolutionary activity after the First World War Montagu's August 1917 statement and the talk of constitutional reforms the coming of Gandhi on the scene with the programme of non-violent non-cooperation promised new hope.