NATIONAL MOVEMENT (1905-18) Presented By- Shiv Kumcr
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The Swadeshi and Boycott Movement The Swadeshi Movement had its genesis in the anti-partition movement which was started to oppose the British decision to partition Bengal Partition of Bengal to Divide People December 1903, two provinces: Bengal comprising Western Bengal as well as the provinces of Bihar and Orissa, and Eastern Bengal and Assam. Bengal retained Calcutta as its capital, while Dacca became the capital of Eastern Bengal. The official reason given for the decision was that Bengal with a population of 78 million had become too big to be administered. but the real motive behind the partition plan was seen to be the British desire to weaken Bengal, the nerve centre of Indian nationalism.
PARTITION OF BENGAL (1905) CHINA NEPAL BHUTAN NORTHWESTERN PROVINCE AND OUDH BEHAR SOALPARA PATNA PARO KHASI STATES SURMA D HILL DISTRICTS VALLEY AND DISTRICTS CENTRAL INDIA DACCA KOREA SARGUJA TIPPERAY CHOTA NAGPUR BURMA PRESIDENCY BAKARGAN3 CHITTAGONG AL AK ATHMALLIK AT ATHGARH NA NAYAGARH NATIVE STATE MADRAS TA TALCHER TI-TIGIRIA
Bengalis under two administrations by dividing them: (i) on the basis of language (ii) on the basis of religion Anti-Partition Campaign Under Moderates (1903-05) In the period 1903-1905, the leadership was provided by men like Surendranath Banerjea, K.K. Mitra and Prithwishchandra Ray. The methods adopted were petitions to the government, public meetings, memoranda, and propaganda through pamphlets and newspapers such as Hitabadi, Sanjibani and Bengalee. Ignoring a loud public opinion against the partition proposal, the government announced partition of Bengal in July 1905. On August 7, 1905, with the passage of the Boycott Resolution in a massive meeting held in the Calcutta Townhall, the formal proclamation of Swadeshi Movement was made
October 16, 1905, the day the partition formally came into force, was observed as a day of mourning throughout Bengal The Congress's Position The Indian National Congress, meeting in 1905 under the presidentship of Gokhale, resolved to (i) condemn the partition of Bengal and the reactionary policies of Curzon, and (ii) support the anti-partition and Swadeshi Movement of Bengal