INDIAAND ITS NEIGHBOURHOOD Presented by Anushri Saxena
ABOUT ME MA Political Science, Hindu College, University ofDelhi BA (Hons) Journalism, Maharaja Agrasen College, University of Delhi Interned at The Hindu newspaper, 94.3 Radio One, United News of India, Youth ki Studied French Language from Alliance Francaise de Delhi till intermediate level. Enjoys traveling, cycling, trying new food, and singing Adele songs. Awaaz, Sambhavna Trust (Bhopal), and Centre for the Study of Developing Societies. Please contribute to Unacademy!
CHINA Ancient links of trade, the Silk route, travelers visited India and studied in the Nalanda University. Buddhism that originated from India influenced China Relations flourished until the colonization of India broke the links After independence both countries made headway in economic development. Both face similar problems environmental degradation, large population and so on. Different political systems India: multi-party democracy, China: One-party dominance India suffers fom a trade deficit with China; by 2015- India's exports to China-US$ 8.86 billion whereas India's imports from China-US$ 61.54 billion.
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Peaceful relationship in ancient time. Thanks to the Himalayas there were no attempts of invasion from China to India. Silk Route-trade and tr vellers. They carried the teachings of Buddha along with them. After India's colonization, direct trade links were severed. In 1949, Communist government established in China, India was first to recognize it. Visits by PM Jawaharlal Nehru in 1952 to China. A friendly phase. Panchsheel by PM Jawabarlal Nehra in 1952 to cina Agreement- Five Principles of Peace and Coexistence Vallabha. Patel had foreseen a potential Chinese a ggression.
China takes control over Tibet in 1950. Dalai Lama seeks asylum in India in 1959. accuseS Border dispute over Aksai Chin and Arunachal Pradesh (North Eastern Frontier Agency) War of 1962-national humiliation. Relations became normal after more than a decade 1993 -PM Narasimha Rao signs Agreement on the Maintenance of Peace and Tranquility along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) on the India-China Border. PM Narendra Modi visited China in May 2015-24 agreements signed on the government-to-government side, and 26 MoUs signed on the business-to-business side
AREAS OF CONFLICTS Border disputes-Aksai Chin, Anmachal Pradesh Tibet issue is unresolved. China creates a hurdle in getting membership of Nuclear Suppliers Group, P5 UN Security Council. String of Pearls -to destabilize and contain India Unfair trade Practises-dumping CPEC passing through disputed territory of Gilgit/Baltistan and PoK.
AREAS OF COOPERATION "The Government of India does not view China or Chinas development as a threat. Indian leaders have always unembarrassedly spoken of the need to develop a friendly and coopertive relationshipwith China, as a country withwhich we cannot afford to have a relationship of antagonism. -Shashi Tharoor Panchsheel A Shared Vision for the 21st Century" was issued 2008 during the visit of PM Dr Manmohan Singh to China Regional ComprehensiveEconomic Partnership (RCEP)-FIA betweenASEAN +6 countries Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank-India second largest shareholder BRICS-New Development Bank Bangladesh China-India-Myanmar (BCM) Economic Corridor EC)-mega cities, manufacturing hub-2800 km long Economic Corridor. Bangladesh. Bhutan, India and Nepal (BBIN)-Motor Vehicle Agreement.
BONUS: START-UP KIT Books: 12th class NCERT book: Politics in India Since Independence, Chapter 4. Challenge and Strategy: Rethinking India's Foreign Policy-Rajiv Sikri Pax Indica-Shashi Tharoor Online resources http://www.mea.gov.in *http://www.mea.gov.in/foreign-relations.htm Any good Curent Affairs site.
THANKS, All the best... And stay tuned teo UNACADEMY
A free-spirited soul, loves to travel. Enjoys trying new cuisines and dishes. Also a graduate in Journalism with a major in Pol. Science.