INDIAAND ITS NEIGHBOURHOOD Presented by Anushri Saxena
ABOUT ME lence -BA (Hons) Journalism, Maharaja Agrasen College, University of Delhi Interned at The Hindu newspaper, 94.3 Radio One, United News of India, Youth ki Studied French Language from Alliance Francaise de Delhi till intermediate level. Enjoys traveling, cycling, trying new food, and singing Adele songs. Awaaz, Sambhavna Trust (Bhopal), and Centre for the Study of Developing Societies. 2, Please contribute to Unacademy!
NEPAL Border of 1850 kms with five States-Sikkim, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. *Approximately 6 million Nepali citizens live and work in India treated as Indian nationals The Nepali citizens referred to as gorkhas, are inducted in Indian army. Strong and inseparable cultural, religious, social ties. Trade Treaty permits all Nepalese manufactured products (except 4) to enter the Indian market free of customs duties and quantitative restriction. of customs duties and qu &The seaports at Kolkata and Haldia are open to Nepal for transit. Bulk cargo is transported to Nepal via railway service between Kolkata(indis and Birgunj( Nepal).
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Nepal was never formally colonized. 250 year old monarchy Anti-India propaganda is ever prevalent. 1900s: Demand for Democracy *Transition from absolute monarchy to democracy 2001 : Royal Massacre-King Birendra assassinated King Gyanendra ascends to power Popularly elected Parliament is dissolved by the king. 2006: Seven Party Alliance to Oust the King Seven Party Alliance + Maoist Party collaborated to oust King Gyanendra Interim Constituent Assembly 2008: Prachanda becomes PM-difficult time for India
2015 New constitution promulgated- not inelusive Four-month Border Blockade on the border by Madhesis 2016 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxists-Leninists) government led by Mr. Oli faced a no-trust motion in Parliament and he soon resigned. Prachanda-led Maoist-Nepali Congress government comes to power Nepal's view of India has been mixed. Despite the many personal and institutional links, the state and politics have often taken a negative view for partisan reasons. The emerging middle class been aggrieved by what has often been seen as a patronising attitude of India and Indians." SOR 02 Deb Mukharji, Former Ambassador to Nepal
AREAS OF CONFLICTS Economic blockade (1989) by Rajiv Gandhi-led govt +Nepal's closeness with China Result: Lost goodwill, fostered anti-India sentiment Non-state Actors Use Nepal For Anti-IndianActivities Causes: Inefficient govt actions, open borders, negligent regulations. Or Water-Dispute-Hydroelectric Dam can manage floods caused by Kosi Maoists of both countries have links-Internal Security Matter Constitutional Crisis-India accused of 'meddling with Nepal's internal affairs
AREAS OF COOPERATION India helped in rehabilitation and reconstruction post Nepal earthquake, pledged an aid of $1 billion India-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1950 Cooperation in water resources and hydropower-Kos, Tanakpur Barrage Mahakali Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project (PMP)-Power Trade Agreement Fourth session of the India-Nepal Joint Commission between Ministers of Foreign Affairs- assistance package of US $ one billion - decision to monitor infrastructure projects such as the Terai Roads, the cross-border rail links and oil pipeline, and hydro-power project.
LATEST DEVELOPMENTS on the neod to propare a ceriee Vvisited Nepal, met people. President Pranab Mukherjee visited Nepal, met Madhesi leaders, stressed on the need to prepare a constitution based on consensus of all sections of From 2017, Nepalese students can sit for IT's entrance exams. India plans to start its open sky' air service agreement (ASA) with SAARC countries including Nepal. Ganga rail-road bridge-to provide better connectivity between Bihar and Nepal. Operation Maitri (2015): India's assistance to earthquake-affected Nepal is the largest relief and rescue mission undertaken by India outside its own borders. (IDSA)
BONUS: START-UP KIT Books: Indian Foreign Policy, Foreign Service Institute, New Delhi Online and Electronic Resources: http://www.mea.gov.in http://wwww.nepalembassy.in AIR News Analysis/Spotlight, dated 2nd Nov 2016, 15th Sept 2016. .http://www.thehindu.com/ e.http://idsa.in/ India Global AIR FM Gold: Program on Nepal https:/lyoutu.be/KAB65DkNj40
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A free-spirited soul, loves to travel. Enjoys trying new cuisines and dishes. Also a graduate in Journalism with a major in Pol. Science.