INDIAAND ITS NEIGHBOURHOOD Presented by Anushri Saxena
ABOUT ME - MA Political Science, Hindu College, University of Delhi - B.A. (Hons.) Journalism, Maharaja Agrasen College, University of Delhi Interned at The Hindu newspaper, 94.3 Radio One, United News of India, Youth ki Awaaz, Sambhavna Trust (Bhopal), and Centre for the Study of Developing Societies. - Studied French Language from Alliance Francaise de Delhi till intemediate level. - Enjoys travelling, cycling, trying new food, and singing Adele songs. -Please contribute to Unacademy! e SOD
SRI LANKA 2500 years old legacy-Buddhism travelled to Sri Lanka from India through Ashoka's Dharma -Ceylonese chronicles - Dipavamsa and Mahavamsa - recorded conquests between India and Sri Lanka - Ethnic, linguistic ties -As per Sri Lankan Customs, bilateral trade in 2015 amounted to US $ 4.7 billion Exports from India to Sri Lanka US$ 4.1 billion (up by 2.1%), Exports from Sri Lanka to India = US$ 645 million (up by 32%) -Ind Indi ia heavily invests in Sri Lanka Petroleum retail, IT, real estate, telecommunication, banking and food processing (tea & fruit juices), metal industries, cement, glass manufacturing, and infrastructure development (railway, power, water supply)
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND India's relations with Sri Lanka are in large measure determined by the deep ethnic divide and unresolved conflict that has raged in Sri Lanka since its independence in February 1948." Rajiv Sikri Composition of Sri Lankan population: -Majority of Buddhist, Sinhalese-speaking people. Sri I ankan Tamils including Muslim Tamils -Minority of Tamil speaking people of Indian origirn Indian Tamils sympathetic to the plight of Tamils in sri Lanka being discrimnated by the Sinhalese -1977:Formation of LTTE -1983: Anti-Tamil riots, 'Black July, 64,000 killed mass exodus ofTamils to India. -1987: IPKF deployed in Sri Lankan govt to disarm LTTE; Rajiv Gandhi had a role to play. 1990: IPKF withdrawn from Sri Lanka -1991 LTTE suicide bomber kills Rajiv Gandhi
2003 "Grant ofCitizenship to Persons of Indian Origin Act" passed by Sn 1 ankan Parliament 2009 LITE defeated; leader Prabhakaran passes away. Nearly 300,000 Tanils forced to live in camps for the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) India assist in their rehabilitation -provides services in field hospitals, builds temporary houses. On- 2015 Rapakse got defeated in elections, Marthripala Sirisena becomes President with substantive support from the minority Tamils and Muslims. India's consistent position is in favor of a negotiated political settlement, which is acceptable to all communities within the framework of united Sri Lanka and which is consistent with democracy, pluralism and respect for human rights." -MEA
AREAS OF CONFLICTS -Fishermen Issue-Straying of individual fishermen a humanitarian and civil offence. However, they are shot down by Sri Lanka in suspicion of smuggling or jus for crozzing transnational sea border. -Katchchativu Issue In 1974, island given to Sri Lanka by an executive order. TN CM calls it illegal as there was no constitutional amendment involved. Now there are talks to have a shared military base here. -Presence of Pakistan military and Chinese investments is a cause of concem. -Sri Lanka is a 'pearl'in the String of Pearls' theory of China.
AREAS OF COOPERATION Partners in NAM India-Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement in 1998, 2000. -Development Package for Sri Lanka (2010) -Bay ofBengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC), Indian Ocean Rim Association (IOR-ARC) - India-Sri Lanka-Maldives Trilateral Maritime Arrangement. -The Housing Project 50,000 houses constructed! CivilAviation Agreement -S&T Co-operation -MoUs on Ferry Service and Agriculture
LATEST DEVELOPMENTS BRICS-BIMSTEC outreach summit held in Goa where PM Modi met President Sirisena resolution to combat terrorism and protect environment among other provisions. -Economic and Technological Cooperation Agreement (ETCA) India will invest S 2 billion in Sri Lanka over 3-4 years. (Sep 2016) India and Sri Lanka an MoU to provide livelihood support to the fishing and farming comm!nities in Sri Lanka's Hambantota district. (Sep 2016) -SriLanka has given its approval for SAARC satellite project by ISRO. (Sep 2015) -India gifted its former Indian Coast Guard ICG) Ship Varaha to Sri Lanka in August 2015 to strengthen maritime securit -Sri Lanka also boycotted SAARC summit that was to be held at Islamabad, in support of India.
BONUS: START-UP KIT BOOKS -India's Foneign Policy: Sumit ganguly (ed.) Does the Elephant Dance?: David Malone -Challenge and Strategy: Rethinking India's Foreign Policy Rajiv Sikiri -Pax Indica: Shashi Tharoor ONLINE SOURCES -http://www.thehindu com/news/international/south-asia/political-history-of-sri lanka/article6771008 ece -http://www.hcicolombo.org/ Gautam Sen's article: "Problem of Fishermen in India-Sri Lanka Relations" http://www.idsa. in/idsacomments/problem-of-fishermen-in-india-sri-lanka- relations_gsen 200516 -of
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A free-spirited soul, loves to travel. Enjoys trying new cuisines and dishes. Also a graduate in Journalism with a major in Pol. Science.