INDIAAND ITS NEIGHBOURHOOD Presented by Anushri Saxena
ABOUT ME lence -BA (Hons) Journalism, Maharaja Agrasen College, University of Delhi Interned at The Hindu newspaper, 94.3 Radio One, United News of India, Youth ki Studied French Language from Alliance Francaise de Delhi till intermediate level. Enjoys traveling, cycling, trying new food, and singing Adele songs. Awaaz, Sambhavna Trust (Bhopal), and Centre for the Study of Developing Societies. 2, Please contribute to Unacademy!
PAKISTAN Pakistan emerged out of India after a bloody partition. Migration of 80 lakh the border Border is 3,323 km long, states-Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and Jammu & Kashmir India gave Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status to Pakistan in 1996 In 2012-13 the total trade between the two countries amounted to US $2.6 billion. India exports products like cotton, organic chemicals, vegetables, plastic articles, people across coffee, tea and spices; while we import items like copper and copper articles, fruits and nuts, salt, sulphur and earths and stones, etc. organic chemicals, mineral fuels, rubber, wool, Three wars + one military stand off. India's is non-aligned. Pakistan's is allied with US and Divergent foreign policy China
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 2 Formation of Pakistan based on Two-Nation Theory. Pakistan stresses that it has a single identity even though it is diverse. Different ethnic groups-Punjabis, Pashtuns, Sindhis, Balochs etc. Intense sectarian violence in Pakistan. Weak governance, overpowering military, Islamic fundamentalism. Until 2008, Pakistan was either under military rule or led by a civilian government backed by military. Indo-Pak WARS AND AGREEMENTS 1948: First Kashmir War 1965: War was settled with the Tashkent Agreement 1971 : Liberation of Bangladesh; signing of the Shimla Agreement. 1999: Kargil War
Cross Border Terrorism-Parliament Attack, Samjhauta Express bomb blast.- Mumbai Attacks 2008 stalled Pakistan in constant denial; refuses to hand over the perpetrators. 2016-tenor strike at Pathankot Air Force Station, and attack at Uri on the Indian the peace process armed forces- surgical strikes. India is concerned about Pakistan's with China possession of nuclear weapons and its bonhomie "In the early 1970s, India's structural position became uneasy with the emergence of a Pakistan-US-China nexus, but it countered by signing a friendship treaty' with the Soviet Union in August 1971."- Prof. Rajesh M Basrur Ps i crurheswit he The China Pakistan Economic Corridor is closely watched by India.
AREAS OF CONFLICTS Kashmir Issue River Water Sharing Indus Waters Treaty (1960) Tulbul Navigation / Wullar Barrage Project (J&K) Kishanganga Hydroelectric Plant Border Dispute over Sir Creek, a tidal estuary dividing Gujarat and Sindh province region is rich in oil and gas. *Demilitarisation of Siachen; Operation Meghdoot, 1984 Pakistan as a sponsor of cross-border terrorism Baloch Issue- PM Modi in independence speech raised their issue on humanitarian grounds. CPEC passes through disputed territories-Gilgit Baltistan and PoK. Recent espionage cases
AREAS OF COOPERATION Indus Waters Treaty signed in 1960 by former PM Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistan's President Ayub Khan Co President Ayub Khan. Consequently, rivers Beas, Ravi and Sutlej were given to India, while, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum were to be governed by Pakistan. Composite Dialogue (2004) and Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) Bus services between the two countries. TAPI(Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India) pipeline. Indian Army participated as an "observer plus" country in the "Cobra Gold" multilateral exercises hosted by Thailand, along with China and Pakistan.
BONUS: START-UP KIT Books: 12th class NCERT book: Politics in India Since Independence Indian Foreign Policy, Foreign Service Institute, New Delhi India's Foreign Policy - Sumit ganguly (ed.) Online resources: http://www.mea.govin
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A free-spirited soul, loves to travel. Enjoys trying new cuisines and dishes. Also a graduate in Journalism with a major in Pol. Science.