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Chapter 3- Arts of the Mauryan Period
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This lesson contains details about Yakshas, Yakshinis and Rock cut architecture.

Arpita Prakash
YouTuber NCERTs series initiator at Unacademy 'Educator of the Month' for Feb'19 CBSE 0.1% Merit Certificate holder in Mathematics

Unacademy user
mam please is course ko hindi me bhi bna dijiye.. kyuki me hindi medium se hu. please mam
Arpita Prakash
3 months ago
Note making part1 video done now https://youtu.be/77regqGJX0E
Mam awesome course!! While seeing your name itself i simply enrolled!! 1 of the best educator in unacademy
Arpita Prakash
3 months ago
Note making part1 video done now https://youtu.be/77regqGJX0E
Gopi R
3 months ago
Thank You mam!!! :)
mam plz continue this is really helpful...
Arpita Prakash
3 months ago
Note making part1 video done now https://youtu.be/77regqGJX0E
thank you mam u r truly gem thanks a lot for your precious effort.. mam can u plz tell me how I wl make PDF of your lectures
Arpita Prakash
3 months ago
Note making part1 video done now https://youtu.be/77regqGJX0E
  1. 4. Yakshas and Yakhinis- large monumental statues . In many places like Patna, Vidisha and Mathura . Mostly in standing position, polished surface . Faces depicted in full round, pronounced cheeks . Popularity of Yaksha worship, part of fig representation in Buddhist and Jaina religious movements . One finest eg- Yakshi fig from Didarganj, Patna o Tall, well built, sensitivity towards depicting human physique, polished surface, life size standing image of Yakshini holding a chauri (flywisk), round sculpture, made in sandstone, kept in Patna museum o Chauri held in right hand, left hand-broken o Face has round, fleshy cheeks, neck relatively small in proportion; sharp eyes, nose and lips o Full round necklace beads, hanging to belly; tightening of garment around belly creates effect of a bulging belly, thick bell ornaments adorn the feet o Lower Garment rendered with full care o Heaviness in torso depicted by heavy breasts o Impressive back-hair tied in a knot, bare back, drapery at back covers both legs, flywisk continued



  2. 5. Rock cut Architecture: Monumental rock cut elephant- Dhauli, Orissa - modelling in round with linear rhythm, also has Ashokan rock edict e Rock cut cave carved at Barabar Hills near Gaya, Bihar o called as Lomus Rishi Cave, isolated eg of this period o Patronised by Ashoka for Ajivika Sedt o decorated with semicircular chiatya arch as entrance o elephant frieze carved in high relief on chaitya arch shows considerable movement o rectangular interior hall with a circular chamber at back, entrance located on side wall of hall


  3. Many Buddhist caves excavated in Eastern & Western India Large scale construction of Stupas,Viharas,Chaityas (part of Buddhist & Jaina monastic complexes, largest no-Buddhist) But also examples of a few Brahmanical gods in sculptural representations Stupas constructed over Buddha's relics at Rajagraha, Vaishali, Kapilavastu, Allakappa, Ramagrama, Vethadipa, Pava, Kushinagar and Pippalvina Textual tradition mention such constructions also at Avanti and Gandhara, outside Ganga valley One best eg of Stupa- 3rd c BC-at Bairat, Rajasthan grand stupa, circular mound, circumambulatory path . Great Stupa at Sanchi built with bricks during Ashoka's time and later covered with stone, also many new additions