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Chapter 1- Prehistoric Rock Paintings
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This lesson contains images and factual details on Pre historic rock paintings.

Arpita Prakash
YouTuber NCERTs series initiator at Unacademy 'Educator of the Month' for Feb'19 CBSE 0.1% Merit Certificate holder in Mathematics

Unacademy user
Sir, it is very help , Thanks and gratitude for making issues so simple and understandable way. Please do more such contemporary issues .
Wlcm back Ma'am .. I hope you do well with your medical condition .. missed you a lot . Also..may u plz enlighten us for books we need to follow for Class 11n12th for UPSC CSE .. there is a lot of confusion in my case .. thank you
Arpita Prakash
4 months ago
Geography- 2-2 books from both class 11,12 Polity-Indian constitution at work( 11), both books of class 12 Economics- class 11 book, only macroeconomics from cls12 History- all books from both 11,12 A&C- class 11 Environment- class 12 biology book..last four chapters
Arpita Prakash
4 months ago
Hope that helps
Anisha Singh
4 months ago
Thank you Mam...it really helped
Ankit Kumar
3 months ago
Thank You So Very Much Ma'am..now the boat shall set sail.
Arpita Prakash
3 months ago
Note making part1 video done now https://youtu.be/77regqGJX0E
Muskan samaiya
2 months ago
thanks mam u help us alot.... be blessed
i m searcjhing for your lesson on which u had taught how to draw india map ........for revision please help me out
Arpita Prakash
3 months ago
that's on my profile only. Note making part1 video done now https://youtu.be/77regqGJX0E
Perfectly explained.. Thank you soo much ma'am. God bless you.
Arpita Prakash
3 months ago
Note making part1 video done now https://youtu.be/77regqGJX0E
Thank u so much M'am :)
Arpita Prakash
3 months ago
Note making part1 video done now https://youtu.be/77regqGJX0E
Aditi Thakur
3 months ago
Okayy Mam 😄
  1. BACKGROUND Prehistory- no written documents /records . Sources: Excavations old tools, pottery, habitats, bones of human beings and animals, drawings on cave walls . Old Stone Age / Palaeolithic Age: Pre historic period in early dev of human beings OLDEST ART FORMS: * Oldest art forms practiced by human beings to express themselves: painting and drawing ( canvas- cave walls) Drawings for: o Making homes more colourful and beautiful o Keeping visual record of day-to-day life Cave walls- full of finely carved and painted pictures of animals hunted by cave dwellers Subjects of drawings- human figures, human activities, geometric designs and symbols Art objects in LP age-no idea By Upper P many artistic activities India- earliest paintings- Upper P times First discovery of rock painting in India- 1867-68- by Archaeologist Archibold Carleyle Other Archaeologists discovering a number of sites in Indian sub-continent: Cockburn, Anderson, Mitra and Ghosh


  2. ROCK PAINTINGS: IMAGES . Remnants on cave walls of several districts in MP, UP, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Bihar Kumaon hills Uttarakhand e Rock shelters on banks of River Suyal at Lakhudiyar (literally one lakh caves) in Uttarakhand o Here paintings divided into- man, animal and geometric patterns (white, black and red ochre) o Humans represented in stick -like forms o Main animal motifs- long snouted animal, fox and multiple legged lizard o Wavy lines, rectangle-filled geometric designs, groups of dots o Scene of hand linked dancing human figures o Superimposition of paintings WAVY LINES LAKHUDIYAR Earliest ones in black, over these red ochre paintings and last group-white paintings . Kashmir- two slabs with white engravings Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh-granite rocks- suitable canvases to Neolithic man for paintings o More famous sites- Kupgallu, Piklihal and Tekkalkota HAND- LINKED DANCING FIGURES, LAKHUDIYAR


  3. o 3 types of paintings- in white, in red ochre and in red ochre over a white background o Belong to Late historical,early historical and Neolithic periods o Subjects- bulls, elephants, sambhars, gazelles, sheep, goats, horses, stylised humans, tridents but rare vegetal motifs e Vindhya ranges (MP and Kaimurean extensions into UP)- richest paintings o Full of Palaeolithic and Mesolithic remains, full of forests, wild plants, fruits, streams and creeks Cave Entrance, Bhimbetka, MP o Largest rock shelter Bhimbetka in MP (in Vindhya hills)- 45 km south of Bhopal about 800 rock shelters and 500 of them bear paintings cave discovered in 1957-58 by Archaeologist V.S.Wakankar and later by others . Variety of themes- mundane daily life events, sacred and royal images- hunting, dancing, music, horse and elephant riders, animal fighting, honey collection, decoration of bodies, and other household scenes Rocks classified into various groups on bases of style, technique and superimposition Seven periods of drawings and paintings - Period I (Upper Palaeolithic), Period Il (Mesolithic), Period IIl Chalcolithic), then 4 successive periods Bhimbetka caves