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18th March 2019 Part-2: Daily News Analysis
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Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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Unacademy user
provide the material also in english sir...
  1. unacademy Jatin Verma teaches live on UPSC CSE plus plus . All Live and Structured courses (30+ hours of live lessons everyday D Structured courses in English and Hindi 8R 20+ top educators Lessons by all top Educators Weekly Quizzes & Doubt-clearing Use Referral Code jat nverma71 for 10% off your Unacademy Plus Subscription New courses published every month Learn more Get subscription Downloaded


  2. want fo be start but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base 1. Page 1: Pinaki Chandra Ghose set to be India's first Lokpal ph rete 2. 3. 4. 5. Page 1 : Only 26% of rural toilets use twin-leach pits: survey Page 6: Pollution: 6 States told to submit action plan Page 7: Second Scorpene submarine ready for induction Page 7: Migration in Bengal delta driven by livelihood issues, social factors cause ferent 6. Page 12: India, Maldives agree to cooperate on defence, development, health 7. 8. Page 13: New hydro policy to help meet renewables target Page 13: SEBI contemplates reducing time to list rights issue shares pu kand stay


  3. want fo be start but th Page 1: Pinaki Chandra Ghose set to be India's first Lokpal (GSM 2- Polity and Governance) Former Supreme Court judge and current member of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), Pinaki Chandra Ghose, is likely to be India's first anti-corruption ombudsman, or Lokpal, after his name was cleared and recommended by the high-level reve selection committee chaired by Prime Minister Other members of the committee are Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi, Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan and eminent jurist Mukul Rohatgi. . Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha Mallikarjun Kharge, who is part of the committee, did not attend the meeting after he was invited as "special invitee." Mr. Kharge had refused to attend earlier meetings too, protesting against his being invited as a "special invitee." The government was prompted to make the selection after the Supreme Court set the February-end deadline. The Lokpal Act, which was passed in 2013 after a nationwide anti-corruption movement, provides for setting up of Lokpal at the centre and Lokayuktas in the States to probe corruption complaints against top functionaries and public servants, including the Prime Minister and the Chief Ministers. ink h cause ferent PLI kand stay


  4. want fo be start but th Page 1: Only 26% of rural toilets use twin-leach pits: surve Over the last year, a government advertisement has been preaching the benefits of the "do gadde" or twin-pit toiltes, which would create valuable farm manure from human excreta . . The advertisement has been produced by the Centre's flagship sanitation scheme Swachh Bharat Abhiyan p rev This month, with the scheme claiming to be on the verge of completing toilet construction for all rural households, a government-commissioned survey shows that just over a quarter of rural toilets use this twin-pit svstem. The waste from the remainder of rural toilets could create a new nightmareharmfu to health and the environment, and even pushing a new generation into manual scavenging What is the twin-pit system? . Under the twin-pit system, two pits are dug with honeycombed walls and earthen floors PLI kand stay which allow liquid to percolate into the surrounding soil When one pit is filled and closed off, waste flow is transferred to the second pit, allowing waste in the first pit to be converted into manure after a vear or two


  5. want fo be start but th .The twin pit has been promoted by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation and the World Health Organisation as an in-situ sanitation system, which claims to bypass thorny issues as owners will be dealing with manure, not excreta Data from the National Annual Rural Sanitation Survev 2018-19 shows in: . only 26.6% of rural households use the recommended twin-pit system to dispose ofexcreta he from their toilets. rev Septic tanks are the most popular option, with 28% of toilets connected to a septic tank with a soak pit and 600 to a tank without a soak pit. Others use a single leach pit (18%) or a closed pit (11%). Open pits, open drains or nallahs, or simply discarding waste directly into a nearby pond or waterbody are the other options, while a few toilets are connected to a closed drain leading to a sewer system The highest ratio of twin pits are found in States which have only recently completed toilet Construction. Jharkhand, which is second on the list, with almost 58% of its toilets connected to twin pits. Was declared open defecation free (ODF) only late last year . ink h cause ferent . . pur kand stay . .


  6. want fo be start but th Uttar Pradesh, which tops the list with 64% of toilets with twin pits, had made the technology mandatory for anyone who wanted to avail the government's 2,000 subsidy to build toilets. Concerns For the more than 70% of toilets without twin pits, a faecal sludge management system is The emptying, transportation and treatment of faecal sludge is a concern will lead to large-scale pollution of groundwater. A 2018 survey of 30 cities and towns in Uttar Pradesh by the Centre for Science and he desperately needed. . Connecting a toilet to a drain is also not a solution as it contaminates local land or ponds. It cause ferent Toilet waste pu Environment found that 87% of toilet waste is dumped into water bodies and farm lands kand stay


  7. want fo be start but th Page 6: Pollution: 6 States told to submit action plan (GSM 3-Environment) . The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed six States to submit by April 30 action plans for bringing air quality standards within the prescribed norms, failing which they would be liable to pay environment compensation of 1 crore each. The states ofAssam, Jharkhand. Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttarakhand and Nagaland egovernments were asked to submit their plan within the stipulated time. Orders given by the NGT .The States, where action plans are found to be deficient and deficiencies are not removed till ink h cause ferent April 30, will be liable to pay 25 lakh each and the timeline for execution of the action plans is six months from the date of their finalisation Budgetary provision must be made for execution of such plans. PLI If action plans are not executed within the specified timeline, the defaulting States will be a kand liable to pay environmental compensation and may also be required to furnish performance guarantee for execution of plans in extended timeline as per recommendations received from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)


  8. want fo be start but th .The CPCB was directed to update the number of cities if they were excluded cities according to the parameters taken. The direction came after the CPCB informed the green panel that out of 102 cities, action plan has been received from 83 cities, while 19 have not submitted it Other directions .Concerned over the threat posed to limited natural resources due to their overuse, the tribunal has directed assessment of carrying capacity of 102 cities, including Delhi, where the air quality does not meet the national ambient air quality standards. .The concept of "carrying capacity" addresses the question as to how many people can be permitted into any area without the risk of degrading the environment there. The tribunal had said the Ministry of Urban Development in coordination with the CPCB, Ministry ofTransport, authorities such as Planning Commission and States, may carry out such study with the assistance of experts in the field. It had said that it is undisputed that air pollution is a matter of serious concern and large number of deaths take place every year in the country on account of air pollution The NGT had said that Delhi is over-polluted and figures quite high in the ranking of most polluted cities and there is no study about the capacity of the city with respect to the extent ink h cause t ferent PLI . kand stay of population which can be accommodated and number of vehicles which can be handled by its roads.


  9. want fo be start but th Page 7: Second Scorpene submarine ready for induction The Navy is set to induct the second Scorpene submarine Khanderi by early May. The remaining submarines in the series are in advanced stages of manufacturing and trials. Khanderi was launched into water in January 2017 and has since been undergoing a series of . . phe reve trials., The fourth submarine Vela is ready to be launched into water for trials around the same time depending on the ocean tide. Proiect 75 ink h cause ferent Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL), Mumbai, is manufacturing six Scorpene submarines under technology transfer from Naval Group of France under a 2005 contract worth $3.75 bn. . After a series of delays in the project, the first submarine of the class Kalvari joined service in December 2017 The entire project is expected to be completed by 2020 The third in the Scorpene series Karanj which was launched in January last year is in advanced stage of trials and could be ready for induction by year end. kand stay


  10. want fo be start but th The last two submarines Vagir and Vagsheer are in advanced stages of manufacturing on the assembly line. The fifth submarine is in the final stages of being booted together. The 'Boot Together' is where the five separate sections are welded together to form the bmarine. Kalvari is the first modern conventional submarine inducted by the Navy in almost two decades. In addition, the Navy currently operates four German HDW class submarines and nine Russian Kilo class submarines The Navy had last inducted a conventional diesel-electric submarine, INS Sindhushastra, procured from Russia in July 2000 . . ph . ink h cause ferent pu kand stay


  11. want fo be start but th Page 7: Migration in Bengal delta driven by livelihood issues, social factors On the move About 24% migrants from Bengal move permanently out of the State, as per the findings of the study ph NATURE OF MIGRATION (% REASONS FOR MIGRATION (% rev CIRCULAR: 19 Economic 64 SEASONAL:57 Social 28 Environmental 7 Other ink h cause DESTINATION OF MIGRATION West Bengal51 Maharashtra 1 Tamil Nadu Kerala Gujarat PERMANENT: 24 pu MORE MEN MIGRATING THAN WOMEN (96) MEN WOMEN 9 kand stay 7 17 Image Credit: The Hindu


  12. want fo be start but th An international study titled Deltas, Vulnerability and Climate Change: Migration and Adaptation (DECMA) was conducted in 51 blocks of districts of South and North 24 Parganas. O The study, held between 2014 and 2018 focusing on three deltas Ganga Brahmaputra p Meghna Delta (India and Bangladesh) Volta (Ghana) and Mahanadi (India) looks into the neg aspect of climate change, adaptation and migration in these deltas. rev It reveals Economic reasons are the precipitating factor for migration in the Indian Bengal Delta that comprises the Sunderbans. There is huge gender disparity when it comes to those migrating from the region 64% people migrate because of economic reasons, unsustainable agriculture, lack of economic opportunities and debt; 28 % of the migration from the region is for social reasons- and about 7% for environmental reasons like cyclones and flooding People surveyed during the study could not relate to reduced agricultural productivity, increased salinity and change in rainfall pattern as environmental reason for their migration. Only in cases of extreme events like flooding and cyclones resulting in loss of livelihood, did the locals say their migration was due to environmental reasons. ink h cause ferent . kand stay .


  13. want fo be start but th Vulnerable areas In the study, experts also map the climate change hot spots and highest risk areas of Sunderbans based on an analysis of climate change hazards. The areas of South 24 Parganas have high levels of agriculture dependency and so are ree sensitive to climate hazards such as flood and salinity ink h cause ferent pu kand stay


  14. want fo be start but th Page 12: India, Maldives agree to cooperate on defence, development, health External Affairs minister is on a visit to Maldives. It is the first full-fledged bilateral trip from India to the island nation after the government of President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih came to power in November last year. reve DiscuSsions India and the Maldives discussed measures to strengthen ties and agreed to collaborate in the fields of defence, development cooperation, capacity building and health. Both the External Affairs Ministers reviewed progress on important bilateral issues, including implementation of agreed outcomes of President Solih's visit to India last year. Ms. Swaraj also called on the Speaker of the Parliament of Maldives, Qasim Ibrahim, and reiterated India's commitment to supporting the country in its path of peace, development, prosperity and democracy. She unveiled a plaque dedicating the renovated IGM Hospital to the people of Maldives in the city of Male. IGMH is the first and largest government health-care facility in the Maldives, built with Indian assistance. . ink h cause ferent . 'pur kand stay


  15. want fo be start but th Page 13: New hydro policv to help meet renewables target . The new hydroelectricity policy included large hydro projects within the ambit of renewable energy. A large number of hydroelectric projects were re-classified as renewable energy projects ee thout creating any new projects. iance 1. Increased installed capacit Prior to the policy, only small hydro projects of a capacity of less than 25 MW were treated as renewable energy. Large hydro projects were treated as a separate source of energy India's renewable energy sector had an installed capacity of 75,055.92 MW as of February 2019, according to data with the Central Electricity Authority. This made up about 2 1.4% of the overall energy mix, with the rest coming from thermal, nuclear and large hydro sources. With the inclusion of large hydro in renewable energy, the energy mix changes drastically. Renewable energy capacity would now be 1,20,455.14 MW or 34.4% ofthe overall energy mix ink h cause ferent . pu. kand stay


  16. want fo be start but th 2. Change in renewable energy mix Whereas earlier, wind energy contributed nearly 50% of all renewable energy capacity, it will now make up only 29.3% Similarly, solar energy's share will fall from 34.68% to 2 1.61% The hydro sector, however, will see its share grow from just over 6% to over 41% ph rev. Benefits . It provides grid stability which a renewable source like wind and solar do not. . It also provides a better energy mix It will help India in achieving its renewable energy target of 175 GW renewable energy ink h cause ferent target by 2022 PLI It could also have a positive effect on the stock prices of State-run hydroelectric companies such as NHPC and SJVN at a point when the government is looking to sel its stake in these companies.


  17. want fo be start but th Page 13: SEBI contemplates reducing time to list rights issue shares After reducing the time to list shares on the stock exchanges post-closure of initial public offerings (IPOs), markets regulator SEBI is aiming to cut down the time for listing of rights issue shares, an official said. y has re September last year, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) decided on hereducing the time to list shares on the bourses after IPO to three days from the present six. . The SEBI directive is likely to come into effect from July this year SEBI had cited mitigating external risks such as market volatility and uncertainty of financial markets as the reason behind the move. SEBI expects the number of days for listing the rights issue shares will come down to 8-10 days from about a month now. ink h ferent PLI Stakeholders involved kand stay The markets regulator has involved stakeholders such as depositories and transaction advisors in the rights issue listing simplification process. From April, Unified Payments Interface (UPI) will be introduced as an alternative payment tion for retail investors and SEBI had already cleared a proposal on it


  18. .dI 8196 11:56 Thank you Jatin Verma 155k Followers Follow Ratings & Reviews Roman Saini A great course by Jatin Verma where he has literally covered all the important news from The Hindu. Must watch. Mohit Rai If i achieve my aim, my first salary will go to this great individual making this great informative and well-researched videos. I should take this opportunity to thanlk and congratulate him for the wonderful work he is doing for all the aspirants. He is meticulous and almost perfect in his approach and understanding. Please keep making such videos as a single 26k Enrollments Enroll