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18th March 2019 Part-1: Daily News Analysis
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Lokpal Act analysed

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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Rahul Goshi
5 months ago
Dont wait for this Bussiness man's DNA..he did not find any monetary benefit from DNA so he will not do this..and there are many channel on you tube which give very comprehensive and analytical DNA like Byjuias, Rauias....jatinverma can not even touch the feet of Byjuias DNA...and he is considering superior himself...dont wait for jatinverma DNa..
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  5. want fo be start but th MCOs FOR 18TH MARCH, 2019 1) Consider the following statements regarding Lokpal 1. It is a Constitutional body which will enquire on corruption charges at the national level ph he g ret2. The members are selected by a high level selection committee headed by the Prime Minister. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) only b) 2 only cause ferent c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2 pu kand stay

  6. want fo be start but th 2) TROPEX involves 1. Army 2. Navy 3. Air Force ph reve 4. Coast Guard hegT Select the correct answer using the code given below: a) 1 and 3 only b) 2 and 4 only ink h cause ferent c) ,2 and 3 only d) 1,2, 3 and 4 pu kand stay

  7. want fo be start but th 3) Consider the following statements project 75. 1. It is a collaboration between India and Russia 2. Under the project, six conventional submarines are being developed as part of the Make in India project. ph reve Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 cause ferent / d) Neither 1 nor 2 pu kand stay

  8. want fo be start but th 4) Consider the following statements regarding new hydro policy 1. It has increased the installed capacity of renewable energy. 2. Many new hydroelectric projects have been approved under the policy. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? ph only rev b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2 ink h cause ferent pu kand stay

  9. want fo be start but th 5) Consider the following statements regarding sovereign Gold Bond scheme 1. They are government securities denominated in grams of gold 2. They are issued by the Reserve Bank of India. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? ph only rev b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2 cause ferent pu kand stay

  10. want fo be start but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base 1. Page 1: Pinaki Chandra Ghose set to be India's first Lokpal ph rete 2. 3. 4. 5. Page 1 : Only 26% of rural toilets use twin-leach pits: survey Page 6: Pollution: 6 States told to submit action plan Page 7: Second Scorpene submarine ready for induction Page 7: Migration in Bengal delta driven by livelihood issues, social factors cause ferent 6. Page 12: India, Maldives agree to cooperate on defence, development, health 7. 8. Page 13: New hydro policy to help meet renewables target Page 13: SEBI contemplates reducing time to list rights issue shares pu kand stay

  11. want fo be start but th Page 1: Pinaki Chandra Ghose set to be India's first Lokpal (GSM 2- Polity and Governance) Former Supreme Court judge and current member of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), Pinaki Chandra Ghose, is likely to be India's first anti-corruption ombudsman, or Lokpal, after his name was cleared and recommended by the high-level reve selection committee chaired by Prime Minister Other members of the committee are Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi, Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan and eminent jurist Mukul Rohatgi. . Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha Mallikarjun Kharge, who is part of the committee, did not attend the meeting after he was invited as "special invitee." Mr. Kharge had refused to attend earlier meetings too, protesting against his being invited as a "special invitee." The government was prompted to make the selection after the Supreme Court set the February-end deadline. The Lokpal Act, which was passed in 2013 after a nationwide anti-corruption movement, provides for setting up of Lokpal at the centre and Lokayuktas in the States to probe corruption complaints against top functionaries and public servants, including the Prime Minister and the Chief Ministers. ink h cause ferent PLI kand stay

  12. Lokpal and Lokavukta Act, 2013 but th It envisages the establishment of anti-graft body Lokpal at the Centre and Lokayuktas ir states to look into cases of corruption against certain categories of public servants. A Lokpal should consist of a chairperson and a maximum of eight members. y ha The Lokpal will cover all categories of public servants including the Prime Minister But the armed forces do not come under the ambit of Lokpal rev he . The Act also incorporates provisions for attachment and confiscation of property acquired by . The States will have to institute Lokayukta within one year of the commencement of the . The Lokpal can summon or question any public servant if there exists a prima facie cas e corrupt means, even while the prosecution is pending ink h cause ferent Act. PLI against the person, even before an investigation agency (such as vigilance or CBI) has begun the probe An investigation must be completed within six months. Special courts will be instituted to conduct trials on cases referred by Lokpal kand stay Detailed Analysis: JV's January Magazine : Lokpall es that IP

  13. want fo be start but th .The twin pit has been promoted by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation and the World Health Organisation as an in-situ sanitation system, which claims to bypass thorny issues as owners will be dealing with manure, not excreta Data from the National Annual Rural Sanitation Survev 2018-19 shows in: . only 26.6% of rural households use the recommended twin-pit system to dispose ofexcreta he from their toilets. rev Septic tanks are the most popular option, with 28% of toilets connected to a septic tank with a soak pit and 600 to a tank without a soak pit. Others use a single leach pit (18%) or a closed pit (11%). Open pits, open drains or nallahs, or simply discarding waste directly into a nearby pond or waterbody are the other options, while a few toilets are connected to a closed drain leading to a sewer system The highest ratio of twin pits are found in States which have only recently completed toilet Construction. Jharkhand, which is second on the list, with almost 58% of its toilets connected to twin pits. Was declared open defecation free (ODF) only late last year . ink h cause ferent . . pur kand stay . .

  14. want fo be start but th .The CPCB was directed to update the number of cities if they were excluded cities according to the parameters taken. The direction came after the CPCB informed the green panel that out of 102 cities, action plan has been received from 83 cities, while 19 have not submitted it Other directions .Concerned over the threat posed to limited natural resources due to their overuse, the tribunal has directed assessment of carrying capacity of 102 cities, including Delhi, where the air quality does not meet the national ambient air quality standards. .The concept of "carrying capacity" addresses the question as to how many people can be permitted into any area without the risk of degrading the environment there. The tribunal had said the Ministry of Urban Development in coordination with the CPCB, Ministry ofTransport, authorities such as Planning Commission and States, may carry out such study with the assistance of experts in the field. It had said that it is undisputed that air pollution is a matter of serious concern and large number of deaths take place every year in the country on account of air pollution The NGT had said that Delhi is over-polluted and figures quite high in the ranking of most polluted cities and there is no study about the capacity of the city with respect to the extent ink h cause t ferent PLI . kand stay of population which can be accommodated and number of vehicles which can be handled by its roads.

  15. want fo be start but th Page 7: Migration in Bengal delta driven by livelihood issues, social factors On the move About 24% migrants from Bengal move permanently out of the State, as per the findings of the study ph NATURE OF MIGRATION (% REASONS FOR MIGRATION (% rev CIRCULAR: 19 Economic 64 SEASONAL:57 Social 28 Environmental 7 Other ink h cause DESTINATION OF MIGRATION West Bengal51 Maharashtra 1 Tamil Nadu Kerala Gujarat PERMANENT: 24 pu MORE MEN MIGRATING THAN WOMEN (96) MEN WOMEN 9 kand stay 7 17 Image Credit: The Hindu

  16. want fo be start but th An international study titled Deltas, Vulnerability and Climate Change: Migration and Adaptation (DECMA) was conducted in 51 blocks of districts of South and North 24 Parganas. O The study, held between 2014 and 2018 focusing on three deltas Ganga Brahmaputra p Meghna Delta (India and Bangladesh) Volta (Ghana) and Mahanadi (India) looks into the neg aspect of climate change, adaptation and migration in these deltas. rev It reveals Economic reasons are the precipitating factor for migration in the Indian Bengal Delta that comprises the Sunderbans. There is huge gender disparity when it comes to those migrating from the region 64% people migrate because of economic reasons, unsustainable agriculture, lack of economic opportunities and debt; 28 % of the migration from the region is for social reasons- and about 7% for environmental reasons like cyclones and flooding People surveyed during the study could not relate to reduced agricultural productivity, increased salinity and change in rainfall pattern as environmental reason for their migration. Only in cases of extreme events like flooding and cyclones resulting in loss of livelihood, did the locals say their migration was due to environmental reasons. ink h cause ferent . kand stay .

  17. want fo be start but th Men outnumbered women in migration in the Indian Bengal Delta by almost 5 times. It shows that of the people migrating 83% are men and only 17 % are women. While most of the men migrate due to economic reasons, women do so, driven by mostly social factors. Most migrants both in case of men and women are young, in the age group of20-30 years. . has phe reveIn the Sunderbans there are villages where most of the men have migrated for work and the responsibility of the family and agriculture falls on the women But decisions in the family are taken only by men who are consulted through phone from home. In terms of the destination of migrations, 51% of migration from the Indian Bengal Delta is to other areas of the State particularly to the city of Kolkata, 10% to Maharashtra, 9% to Tamil Nadu, 7% Kerala and 6% to Gujarat 57% of migration is seasonal, where people move once or twice a year, 19% is circular where those migrating move thrice a year irrespective of reasons and 24% permanent where people intend to stay for at least six months in the place they are migrating to. One of the reasons for migration is failed adaptation in the areas which are under stress due to climate change. . cause . PLI kand etay

  18. want fo be start but th Page 13: New hydro policv to help meet renewables target . The new hydroelectricity policy included large hydro projects within the ambit of renewable energy. A large number of hydroelectric projects were re-classified as renewable energy projects ee thout creating any new projects. iance 1. Increased installed capacit Prior to the policy, only small hydro projects of a capacity of less than 25 MW were treated as renewable energy. Large hydro projects were treated as a separate source of energy India's renewable energy sector had an installed capacity of 75,055.92 MW as of February 2019, according to data with the Central Electricity Authority. This made up about 2 1.4% of the overall energy mix, with the rest coming from thermal, nuclear and large hydro sources. With the inclusion of large hydro in renewable energy, the energy mix changes drastically. Renewable energy capacity would now be 1,20,455.14 MW or 34.4% ofthe overall energy mix ink h cause ferent . pu. kand stay

  19. want fo be start but th Page 13: SEBI contemplates reducing time to list rights issue shares After reducing the time to list shares on the stock exchanges post-closure of initial public offerings (IPOs), markets regulator SEBI is aiming to cut down the time for listing of rights issue shares, an official said. y has re September last year, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) decided on hereducing the time to list shares on the bourses after IPO to three days from the present six. . The SEBI directive is likely to come into effect from July this year SEBI had cited mitigating external risks such as market volatility and uncertainty of financial markets as the reason behind the move. SEBI expects the number of days for listing the rights issue shares will come down to 8-10 days from about a month now. ink h ferent PLI Stakeholders involved kand stay The markets regulator has involved stakeholders such as depositories and transaction advisors in the rights issue listing simplification process. From April, Unified Payments Interface (UPI) will be introduced as an alternative payment tion for retail investors and SEBI had already cleared a proposal on it