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1.12.2018: Hindu and Indian Express Editorial
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This lesson discusses COP 24, Death Penalty, India-EU relations and ILO Global Wage Report

Nandini Maharaj
MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University, BA (Hons.) History from LSR, reader, dancer, love to teach, AIR 42 in 2018 UPSC

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can u mention date also mam...doing great job mam....keep doing dis vil b more helpful for us...thnq mam...
please be consistent madam.very very important course.thanks
I obeyed what you said mam. Watched twice
ma'm please continue this course....

  2. unacaden .BA (Hons.) History . Hobbies: reading, dancing . Rate, review and recommend! Lady Shri Ram College for Women MA Applied Human Rights . Sheffield Hallam University Kapila Hingorani Scholar Follow me @ user/NandiniMaharai/courses

  3. COP 24 24th Conference of Partied to the UNFCCC -In the Polish city of Katowice Mandate: to put together guidelines to operationalise the Paris Climate Change Agreement Draft a rulebook to ensure that the pacts signatories are on track to achieve their commitments Document to spell out how the signatories will report their global warning mitigation efforts Specify yardsticks to chart their progress Elucidate what cooperation will look like in terms of financial support - The Paris process relies on countries to take the lead in global warming mitigation with NDCs Ambition cycle' to incentivise progressively ambitious contributions overtime

  4. The design on PA is premised on the idea that nationally determined contributions from all states, however weak initially, are preferable to stringent commitments solely for developed countries . The NDCs so far are not enough to meet the PA targets (2oC 1.5 C) UN Climate secretariat estimates that current contributions place the planet on a 2.60 C - 3.60 C pathway Initial shortfall is to be expected - will hopefully be scaled up overtime The commitments have been elicited The states will learn by doing and create the policy environment, epistemic communities and institutional architecture to trigger and implement more ambitious contributions and shift investment patterns from 99% of the emitters - Process of drafting a rulebook has been a troubled one No agreement within UNFCCC on whether rules to track progress on NDCs should be common or differentiated Getting a confirmation on climate finance from developed countries is a sticky point

  5. Bangkok precursor meeting to COP 24: Like Minded Countries' group including India and China stated that any progress at Katowice will not be possible without any positive movement on finance - Hope outside UNFCCC formal meetings: ISA bridging the developing-developed countries divide Renewable energy technology becoming cheaper and better IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 C . Underscores the catastrophic climate impacts likely beyond a temperature rise of 1.5oC Need for a rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented transitions and deep GHG reductions across sectors -2018 UNEP Gap Report . The current contributions are radically inadequate Instead of judging the PA solely on the basis of its current commitments, we need to keep in mind the entirety of the agreement: the political imperatives that shaped it and the dynamic processes it has unleashed within nations

  6. New GDP Back Series Data Facts: The government released new GDP growth estimates for 2004/5 to 2011/12, based on the calculation methods adopted in 2015 -New series data: growth averaged at 6.7% during both UPA l and UPA 11 -old series data: 8.1% and 7.46% Average growth rate under the current government: 7.35% during the first four years Changes in the new series -Recommendation of the UN System of National Accounts adopted -Method is statistically more robust Base year upgraded from 2004/5 to 2011/12 . Eg New data sources used Tries to relate the estimates to indicators like consumption, employment, and the performance of enterprises Incorporates factors that are more responsive to current changes, unlike the old series

  7. The new data shows that contrary to the earlier perception, the Indian economy never graduated to a high growth phase of more than 9% in the last decade or so . The newer data especially for mining and manufacturing sectors shows that India did not recover from the global financial crisis as quickly as initially thought -Analysis: 1. Released by NITI Aayog instead of the CSO -(although exclusively handled by the CSO) -Concerns over the legitimacy of the data raised NITI Aayog's participation raises questions over whether the statistically strongest method was chosen, and whether political considerations could have impacted any choices -This critique is given by most analysts 2. Whether the new method of calculation is legitimate - Yes . The new series has been vetted by statistical experts at international agencies like UN, IMF and World Bank

  8. Changes to GDP calculation methods are routine have happened 6 times in India, without such discussions or debates . The discussion about the 'accuracy' of the new GDP data is political -Questionable . There are a number of ways to calculate the back series data To arrive at the 'best' one is elusive Base year New data sources like MCA-21 database and NSSO employment data used .3. Why do the two sets differ significantly? -Changes in methodology

  9. ILO Global Wage Report Highlights the slowing wage growth -Global wage growth, adjusted for inflation: -2.4% in 2016 .1.8% in 2017 Lowest growth rate since 2008 -China skews the mean upwards as it has a high population and rapid wage growth -Excluding China, the average is only 1.8% in 2016 and 1.1% in 2017 Wage growth rate slipped in Asia Pacific, where it is the highest. Almost stagnant in Western Europe and USA -1999-2017: the developing and emerging economies witnessed near tripling of real wages .990 in advance economies .Yet in lower income countries it was barely enough to cover the workers bare needs

  10. Intensification of competition due to globalisation, accompanied by a worldwide decline in the bargaining power of workers has resulted in decoupling of wages and labour productivity Widening inequality is slowing demand and growth Shifting of income to the rich who save . Acceleration of economic growth in high income countries in 2017 was led by investment spending, not private consumption Message for Indian policymakers: to reap the demographic dividend we need robust, equitable wage expansion with jobs

  11. There is a conflict between those who sense the danger of inconsistent application and those who believe in condign justice (fitting and deserved) -Issues with Death Penalty Awarded in an arbitrary manner SC: the application of the norms is 'extremely uneven' Law Commission 2015 report: the constitutional regulation of capital punishment attempted in Bachan Singh has failed to prevent death sentences from being 'arbitrarily and freakishly' imposed There is no principled method of removing arbitrariness from capital sentencing The moral position No death penalty in law, regardless of the nature, circumstances and consequences of an offence - Guidelines for awarding death in the 'rarest of the rare' cases considerably limited the scope of death penalty Now, post appeal reviews and curative petitions are routinely admitted Review petitions heard in open court - Treatment of death row prisoners been humanised

  12. EU Strategy on India -New policy after 14 years Last in 2004: EU-India declaration on building a bilateral strategic partnership Not very successful - New strategy places India on the top agenda of the EU in external relations Important for EU as US and China are upending the global order based on free trade, which is dear to EU Brexit India is also looking beyond its neighbourhood Needs resources and expertise areas like cybersecurity, urbanisation, environmental regeneration and skill development from EU in priority Lays road map for strengthening India-EU ties, which have been adrift without a clear strategy Focus areas: Conclude a Strategic Partnership Agreement Intensify dialogue on Afghanistan and Central Asia