Railway Exam » Railway Exam Study Materials » History » RIVERS IN THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION


The Indus river valley civilization was considered as one of the most important sources, as the Indus River provided water for the cultivation and trading of goods internationally.

“Indus river valley civilization” is one of the most ancient and primitive civilizations in Indian history. There are some major roles played by the “Indus river valley civilization” in bringing change to the human lives of that era. There is a great significance of the Indus River in the civilization of the Indus valley. Availability of fertile soil and water sources the civilization took place rapidly along with the effort of the humans in the “Indus river valley civilization”. Indus river valley civilisation is a great example of engineering masterpieces. Individuals settled on elevated grounds that provide them protection from floods. Buildings were of uniform size.

Indus valley civilization

Harappan civilization is also coined as “Indus river valley civilization”, where there was the first time development of the measuring systems of weight and standardized measures. During “Indus river valley civilization”  it is observed the Harappa curated different seals, sculptures, jewellery, pottery from various sources like stone, terracotta, and metals or material available to them. The crucial feature of the “Indus river valley civilization” is that the people of this area included personal hygiene, built brick structures for living, and town planning. There are an endless number of growths that took place during the “Indus river valley civilization”   like forging metal, casting, ceramics, and manufacturing of raw materials like wool and cotton. The most sorrowful “facts on Indus valley civilization” is that geography along with climate change resulted in the end of the most ancient civilization of the world. 

Indus River

The Indus River is located at a place where the place is considered as the oldest form of civilization excited by historians. Location of the Indus River is situated in the middle of Sindh and Punjab, and it is where there is an emergence of the greatest of all ancient civilizations, “The Indus river valley civilization”. Due to the presence of the Indus River, the soil in the nearby area of the Indus is fertile which allows the process of cultivation to happen at a smoother rate. The Indus River is one of the important and major sources of water for cultivation, thus it is an ideal source of conducting irrigation and production. 

Another important feature of the Indus River is that it allows the food or crops produced to be transported through it. The Indus River acts as a medium of transportation for conducting different kinds of trading like 

  • Article trading
  • Foreign trading 
  • Agricultural trading 

Export and import business played a great role during “Indus valley civilization”, Goods like copper and other metals was exported to Iran and Afghanistan. On the other hand, India imported lead as one of the most vital metals for the civilization and growth of the “Indus valley civilization”. 

 On the contrary, due to the presence of the Indus River, there is domestication of animals like cattle, crops grown for the human consumption of “Indus Valley civilization” like rice, cotton. One of the most soothing factors about the Indus River is that it provides a cool breeze and makes the climate lighter and better space for increasing the productivity of the Indus natives. 

Facts on Indus valley civilization

“Indus Valley civilization” is one of the most important forms of civilization that incorporates major cities like Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. The current location of this major civilization is in Pakistan and was created a long period back during 1300 – 3300 BCE. The huge civilization was destroyed by a sudden earthquake or natural calamities and it was later excavated by J.H.Marshall. The “facts on Indus valley civilization” included:

  • The best engineering works of ancient times. 
  • “Indus Valley civilization” had some of the most sanitation systems of the urbanized cities and tons of ancient times. 
  • The Great bath was one of the most IVC structures of ancient India. 
  • Article trading including handcrafts was popular and allowed the growth of civilization.
  • The most promising king belonged from the “Indus valley civilization” or Bronze Age. 


The study pivots on the civilization of the Indus valley and “facts on Indus valley civilization”. On driving in an inner lever, it can be united that it also discusses the larger picture of the Indus River in context to the development of the valley and its nearby area and allow the growth of the economic and social situation of the “Indus river valley civilization” period. There is a glimpse provided of the contribution every human gave in the making of the largest and ancient civilization. 


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