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Permanent Pastures and other Grazing Lands

Permanent pasture and grazing lands are the sources of nutrition for domestic livestock. This article explains the overview of permanent pastures and other grazing lands.

Permanent pastures and grazing land are somehow correlated to each other. Pastures and grazing lands are meant for herds of domestic animals who can freely graze on those lands. Few villagers or livestock owners are also owners. Pasture lands are differentiated from rangelands in the narrow sense by being managed through intensive agricultural practices such as sowing, irrigation, and fertilizer use, whereas rangelands grow mainly native vegetation and are managed through extensive practices such as controlled burning and regulated grazing intensity. And this, in turn, can be converted to grazing lands where livestock can consume that grown vegetation. 

Permanent Pasture

Permanent pasture is a land utilised to grow grasses or other herbaceous fodder organically or through cultivation for at least five years and is not included in the crop rotation. Organic farmland and transgenic cropland are two further agro-environmental indicators. 

Another explanation of permanent pasture is that pasture lands are enclosed portions of farmland grazed by domesticated livestock such as horses, cattle, sheep, or swine. The vegetation of tended pasture, or fodder, is primarily grasses, with lentils and other plants interspersed (non-grass herbaceous plants). Contrary to a meadow, which is ungrazed or used for grazing only after being mown to generate hay for animal food, pasture is normally grazed throughout the summer. Rangelands, other unenclosed pastoral systems, and terrain types exploited by wild animals for grazing or browsing are all included in the term pasture and can be converted into permanent pasture.

Where the land makes crop sowing or harvesting (or both) problematic, such as in arid or mountain areas, and permanent pasture becomes difficult, where camels, goats, antelope, yaks, and other ruminants thrive that are well fitted to the more harsh environment and are rarely factory-farmed, pasture feeding dominates livestock production. 

Some examples of permanent pasture habitats:

  • Grassland
  • Moorland
  • Rough pasture
  • Savanna
  • Wood pasture
  • Steppe

Grazing Lands

Grazing lands are the grasslands suitable for cattle, sheep, etc., to graze on. Also, grazing is a procedure of animal husbandry in which domestic livestock are allowed to roam freely and consume wild vegetations to convert the otherwise indigestible (by the human gut) cellulose found in grass and other forages into meat, milk, wool, and other animal products, often on land that is inappropriate for agricultural production.

For best production, farmers can use various grazing strategies, including continuous, seasonal, or rotational grazing throughout a grazing period. In ley farming, which alternates arable and fodder crops, rest rotation, postponed rotation, and mob grazing, gives grasses more time to recover or leave land fallow; lengthier rotations are used. After two years of recovery, patch-burn establishes a fresh grass cycle. Sustainable grazing advocates using grazing animals to promote a site’s biodiversity, while studies demonstrate that removing grazing animals from the landscape provides the most benefit to biodiversity. 

Organisations have developed different grazing management techniques to implement on other grazing lands to maintain forage and livestock production. Grazing management has two broad objectives, each of which is complex:

Defending the pasturage’s quality from deterioration due to overgrazing,

  • Ensure the pasturage’s long-term viability.

Protecting the health of animals from immediate dangers, such as:

  • Tetany of the grass and nitrate poisoning
  • Molybdenum and selenium toxicity are examples of trace element overload.
  • Horses with grass sickness and laminitis

Difference between permanent pastures and grazing land

A permanent pasture is pasture land that is a result of natural growth. It would include wild grasses, clover, wildflowers, and everything else that grows naturally in a meadow.

Whereas the grazing land or area could be pasture, it could also be a less natural source of animal feed, such as seeded ryegrass.


To understand the overall topic, the differences between permanent pasture and other grazing lands must be understood. As most pasture lands are permanently used for several consecutive years, which is five years or more, they are owned and managed to grow crops, fodder, forage for domestic livestock. In terms of grazing lands, they comprise numerous grazing strategies and management of grazing lands, where livestock are allowed to graze on grasses or wild vegetation. And the reason they manage the grazing is to produce animal products that the human gut can digest. Thus, both the lands are necessary for our environment that provides a livelihood. You can learn about permanent pasture meaning from this article.


Frequently Asked Questions

Get answers to the most common queries related to the Railway Examination Preparation.

In India, who owns the area of permanent pasture and grazing lands?

Ans : The village’s ‘panchayat’ or the government owns permanent pasture a...Read full

What is Savanna, Steppe, Moor, land, and Wood pasture?

Ans : A savanna, often known as savannah, is a hybrid woodland-grassland environment with sufficien...Read full

Why is India's land under permanent pastures shrinking?

Ans : Land under permanent pasture is shrinking as population grows at an uncontrolled rate, increa...Read full

What are other grazing lands?

Ans : Woodlands, forage-producing croplands and native pastures are examples of other grazing lands...Read full