# Turning Flight

What do we mean by ‘turning flight’? What is the 'load factor’? What do we understand about aerospace engineering? What is the ‘load factor formula’? What do we understand from ‘performance of turning flight’? We will be shedding light on all these topics in an interesting and insightful way.

As one knows, engineering is a vast field with diverse sub fields. The various subfields that can come under engineering include chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, aerospace engineering etcetera. Here we will be focusing on aerospace engineering in detail and its important concepts such as ‘turning flight’ and ‘load factor’. The sub topics given below will be discussing these important terms used in aerospace engineering.

## Turning Flight

Turning flight is an important concept for understanding performance. It can be said that in aerial combat, the victor refers to generally the aircraft that has the smallest turning radius or the highest turn rate. Now, one can take into consideration the level turning flight, with the keyword being level. Level flight is the one that requires the forces in the vertical direction to balance. As we can understand, such a requirement can put a limit on an individual’s turning performance. Thus, the topic helped to gain an insight about turning flight.

Just like turning flight, the load factor is another essential term used in aerospace engineering. The load factor can be explained as the lift divided by the weight. The load factor can also be called a normal load factor. It can be explained using the formula –

N = L/W

Load factor plays a significant role in an aircraft. It can be inferred that the more there is load factor, the more an airline can distribute its fixed costs within the passengers. Further, the load factor also helps the ones who are investing and are a part of management to determine how well the airline is generating sales, covering its expenses and remaining profitable.

## Performance of turning flight

In aerospace engineering, a turn can be explained as a change in the flight path direction. The turn rate can be defined as the time rate of change in heading. Some other terms in this topic include turn radius, load factor and performance. The term radius R can be defined as the distance between the flight path and the instantaneous centre of curvature. A lot of times, for several aeroplanes, the force balance governs the minimum turn radius and the maximum turn rate. Thus, it can be said that turn performance can get limited because of the available thrust.

## Conclusion

As we have come to the conclusion of this segment, the concepts around various topics of aerospace engineering have become clear. These concepts include load factor, its formula, turn rate, turning flight and the performance of turning flight. Engineering in itself is a huge field and aerospace engineering is one of its many branches. As observed from the above topics, aerospace engineering is the field that shed light on a concept such as designing, testing, developing and production of air crafts and many other related systems and equipment. The term, load factor can be described as the lift divided by the weight.

Another commonly used name for load factor is the normal load factor. Load factor can be explained using the formula – N = L/W

The term radius R, can be explained as the distance between the flight path and the instantaneous centre of curvature. Many a time, for several aeroplanes, the force balance governs the minimum turn radius and the maximum turn rate. Lastly, to conclude, one can say that the turn performance can get limited because of the available thrust

Related Articles

Get answers to the most common queries related to the Gate Examination Preparation.

## What factors are responsible for creating the Angle of Attack stance?

Ans :Prime factors are the gross weight of the aeroplane̵...Read full

## What are the basic angle of attack principles?

Ans :AOA happens when there is a sudden break of the normal airflow in the space above the aeroplan...Read full

## What is the role of aircraft curvature in creating the stance of AOA in an aeroplane?

Ans :Aeroplane curvature decides the maximum affordable lift in an aeroplane, hence, it can be said...Read full

## What are the functions to allow an aeroplane to get access to higher AOA before airflow detachment?

Ans :“Slats and Krueger flaps” do help an aeroplane’s body get access to Higher AOA before th...Read full