What do we mean by ‘aerospace engineering’? What do we understand by ‘load factor’? What is the load factor formula? What is the importance of the load factor? We will be shedding light on all these points in an interesting and easy way!

Engineering is a vast field in itself which can be subdivided into various other fields such as mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, aerospace engineering etcetera. We will be focussing on aerospace engineering in particular. Aerospace engineering is that field of engineering which involves designing, testing, developing and lastly, producing aircraft, space crafts and several other related systems and equipment. In aerospace engineering, the load factor is a significant term. Load factor can be explained as the increase in the weight of aircraft. However, it is impossible to increase weight in mid-air. But as one can see, forces apart from gravity are also working on an aircraft in flight and such forces can increase sometimes. As this occurs, the conclusion is a load put on the aircraft and that load should be higher than the weight of the plane and its content.

In an aircraft, the load factor can be defined as the ratio of lift to the total aircraft design as a whole. It can be explained using the formula

N = Lift/Weight

The commonly used for increasing load factor while one a plane is by putting it on a bank. However, that is not the only way for increasing the load factor. It is crucial that the pilot is aware of the factors that can lead to a change in the load factor. As the load factor has increased, the plane must make more lift to remain aloft. Thus, the pilot should act in the right way to assure the desired flight path. It is to be understood that engineers who developed the plane mainly expected it to have a certain predictable amount of load applied. Thus, each plane can withstand a particular amount of load factor.

As observed from the above topics, it can be inferred that the load factor does play a significant role in the working of aircraft. Load factor can be understood as a type of indicator that can help in measuring the quantity of the present capacity of seats that is being filled by passengers. This is released every month by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). The pivotal benefits of the load factor include, the higher the factor of the load, the greater an aircraft can distribute its fixed costs within its passengers The load factor can also be a way for the investors as well as management to decide how well the airline is generating sales, covering its expenses and is remaining profitable. With so many costs to cover, airlines might have thin margins of profit therefore having a high load factor can be crucial to an airline’s success. Lastly, it can be said that a high load factor can indicate that an airline has sold most of its available seats. For this reason, a high load factor is preferred in comparison to a low load factor.

## Conclusion

It can be concluded that aerospace engineering is a type of engineering that is mainly concerned with the process of designing, testing, developing and lastly, producing aircraft, space crafts and several other related systems and equipment. In aerospace engineering, the load factor is a term that plays significant importance. In simple words, load factor can be defined as the ratio of lift to the total aircraft design as a whole. It can also be understood as a kind of indicator that can help in measuring the quantity of the present capacity of seats that is being filled by passengers.

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