Daily News Analysis » Supreme Court’s Article 370 Verdict: Key Aspects

Supreme Court’s Article 370 Verdict: Key Aspects

  • Sovereignty of Jammu and Kashmir:

    • Petitioners argued J&K retained sovereignty post-1947, distinct from other princely states.
    • The Court noted J&K was listed as a Part III state in the Indian Constitution, and its own constitution declared it an integral part of India.
    • The Court concluded that J&K’s sovereignty was effectively surrendered, akin to a merger, when it adopted the Indian Constitution.

    Nature of Article 370 – Temporary or Permanent:

    • Debates centered on whether Article 370 was a temporary or permanent feature.
    • The Court held that Article 370 was always intended as a temporary provision, meant to bridge J&K with India until its constitution was enacted.

    The legality of Article 370’s Abrogation:

    • The abrogation involved two steps: amending Article 367 to redefine “Constituent Assembly of J&K” and then issuing a Presidential Order to declare Article 370 inoperative.
    • The Court upheld this process, stating that the President could have unilaterally abrogated Article 370 after the dissolution of J&K’s Constituent Assembly.

    Actions Under President’s Rule:

    • The challenge was to the extent of powers exercised under President’s rule in J&K.
    • Citing the Bommai ruling, the Court stated that actions under President’s rule must not be mala fide or irrational.
    • The Court found no evidence of mala fides in the Union government’s actions regarding J&K.

    Why in News:

    • Recently, the Supreme Court delivered the landmark verdict on the abrogation of Article 370.