Daily News Analysis » March 2024 » A Report on the Status of Leopards in India 2022: 4 Mar 2024

A Report on the Status of Leopards in India 2022: 4 Mar 2024

Why in News: 

  • A report on the Status of Leopards in India 2022 has been released by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

Recently, the Indian government has approved the establishment of the International Big Cat Alliance (IBCA) with headquarters in India.

Key Findings of the Report::

  • Population Growth: An 8% increase in leopard numbers from 2018 (12,852) to 2022 (13,874).
  • Geographical Distribution: 65% of leopards located outside protected areas, predominantly in the Shivalik landscape, with only a third within protected zones.
  • Regional Trends: Central India shows population stability/growth, while Shivalik hills and Gangetic plains report a decline.
  • State-wise Numbers: Madhya Pradesh leads with 3,907 leopards, followed by Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu. Declines observed in Odisha, Uttarakhand, Kerala, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, and Goa.
  • Tiger Conservation Impact: Measures aimed at tiger protection contribute to leopard population growth, especially in Central India and Eastern Ghats. Leopard densities are notably higher in Tiger Reserves than outside Protected Areas.